Significance of the Reform Movements
The orthodox sections of the society could not accept the scientific and ideological onslaught of the socio-religious reformers.
As a result of this, the reformers were subjected to abuse, persecution, issuing of fatwas and even assassination attempts by the reactionaries. However, in spite of opposition, these movements contributed towards liberation of the individual from the conformity born out of fear. The translation of religious texts into vernacular languages, emphasis on an individual’s right to interpret the scriptures, and simplification of rituals made worship a more personal experience.
The movements emphasised the human intellect’s capacity to reason and think. By weeding out corrupt elements in religious practices, the reformers enabled their followers to counter the official taunt that their religions and society were decadent and inferior. It gave the rising middle classes the much needed cultural roots to cling to.