Boil a hen’s egg and remove the shell. What do you observe? A white material surrounds the yellow part. White material is albumin which solidifies on boiling. The yellow part is yolk. It is a part of the single cell. You can observe this single cell without any magnifying devices.
Stand erect and wave your hands in side wards. Take a deep breath and feel your rib movements. Then run some 100 metres and observe the rib movements. Discuss in the class room about what you observed.
Constructing a model of lungs.
Y shaped tube, a large balloon, two small balloons, a one litre plastic bottle, cork.
Method of Construction
Cut off the plastic bottle in the middle. Fix two small balloons in both the ends of the Y-tube. Make a hole in the cork and fix the y-tube. Make a small hole in the cork and fix the y-tube through the hole as shown in the picture. Cut a large balloon into two halves and fix one half tightly around the open part of the bottle.
Method of Working
Hold the large balloon in the middle and pull it slowly downwards as shown in the picture. Observe the change in the balloons inside the bottle. Now leave the balloon free.
Our body is developed from a single cell called zygote. The Zygote undergoes continuous mitotic division and forms the foetus consisting multitude of cells of different shape, size and content. Foetal cells gradually attain change in structure and function. This process is known as cell differentiation.
On an average, an adult humanbeing at rest breathes in andout 15 – 18 times in a minute. During heavy exercise, breathing rate can increase upto 25 times per minute.
Smoking damages lungs. Smoking is also linked to cancer. It must be avoided.
When you sneeze, you should cover your nose so that the foreign particles you expel are not inhaled by others.
More to know
Aerobic respiration releases 19 times more energy than anaerobic respiration from the same amount of glucose. In aerobic respiration each glucose molecules produce 36 ATPs.
More to know
Basal metabolism refers to the minimum energy required to maintain the normal activities of the body during complete rest in a warm atmosphere, 12 – 18 hours after the intake of food.