Social impact of sex ratio, female foeticide and infanticide
The sex ratio is the ratio of males to the females in a population. In India, the child sex ratio has decreased over the decade from 927 to 919 female for every 1000 males. To correct this ratio, steps are needed to change the mind set and attitudes of people, especially in the young adults. Female foeticide and infanticide is the manifestation of gender discrimination in our society.
Female foeticide refers to ‘aborting the female in the mother’s womb’; whereas female infanticide is ‘killing the female child after her birth’. These have resulted in imbalance in sex ratio. In UNDP’s GII 2018 (United nations developmenttal programmes gender inequality index) reflected that India was ranked at 135 out of 187 countries due to availability of very few economic opportunities to women as compared to men.
In order to prevent
female foeticide and infanticide, Government of India has taken various steps
like PCPNDT Act (Preconception and Prenatal diagnostic technique
act-1994) enacted to ban the identification of sex and to prevent the use of
prenatal diagnostic techniques for selective abortion. Various measures are
taken by the Government to ensure survival, provision of better nutrition,
education, protection and empowerment of girls by eliminating the differences
in the sex ratio, infant mortality rate and improving their nutritional and
educational status. POCSO Act (Prevention of children from sexual
offences), Sexual harassment at workplace (Prevention, prohibition
and redressal) Act and the changes in the Criminal law based on the
recommendations of Justice Verma Committee, 2013 aims at creating a safe
and secure environment for both females and males.