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Role of MIS play at various levels of management
Trends in Information Systems
Expanding roles of IS in business and management
The expanding participation of end users and managers in Information Systems
Data Processing (1950-1960)
Electronic data processing systems: Transaction processing, record keeping, and traditional accounting applications
Management Reporting: 1960-1970s
Management information system: Management reports of pre-specified information to support decision making
Decision support: 1970s 1980s
Decision support systems: Interactive ad hoc support of the managerial decision making
Strategic and End User support: 1980s-1990s
End user computing systems: Direct computing support for end user productivity and work group collaboration
Executive information systems: Critical information for top management
Expert systems: Knowledge based expert advice for end users
Strategic information system: Strategic products and services for competitive advantage
Electronic Business and Commerce 1990s-2000s
Internetworked E-business and E-commerce systems:
Internetworked enterprise and global E-business operations and electronic commerce on the internet, intranets, extranets, and other networks.
Reducing the cost
Greater precision of data
Co-ordination through unifying the concepts of each sub-system
More rapid access by managers to the information that they need quickly
Stages of Globalisation
A firm passes through different stages of development before it becomes a truly global corporation.
Typically, a domestic firm starts its international business by exporting. Later it may establish joint ventures or subsidiaries abroad. From an international firm it may then develop into a multinational firm and finally into a global one.
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