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Reaching the age of Adolescence | Chapter 20 | 8th Science - Reproductive Health | 8th Science : Chapter 20 : Reaching the age of Adolescence

Chapter: 8th Science : Chapter 20 : Reaching the age of Adolescence

Reproductive Health

The physical and mental well-being of an individual is regarded as an individual’s health.

Reproductive Health

The physical and mental well-being of an individual is regarded as an individual’s health. The World Health Organisation (WHO) has defined the reproductive health as the total well -being of behavioural, emotional, physical and social aspects of adolescence. To keep the body healthy, every human being, at any age, needs to have a diet, exercise and personal hygiene. The following are some of the measures that girls and boys need to take.

 

Cleanliness

1. Have bath once or twice a day, paying special attention to underarms, groins and genitals.

2. Change the underwear daily. It should be made of cotton and washed and cleaned everyday.

3. For teenagers, the increased activity of sweat glands sometimes enhances body odour. If cleanliness is not maintained there are chances of having fungal, bacterial and other infections.

 

Menstrual Hygiene

Girls should take special care of cleanliness during the time of menstrual cycle. Making use of disposable napkins or tampons may reduce chances of infections. First of all, girls should realize that menstruation is as natural as any regular physiological activities like breathing, drinking, eating, urinating and defecation. Girls are advised to use sanitary napkins or tampons rather than cloth. It should be changed frequently depending upon the menstrual flow. If a cloth is being used repeatedly, it should be cleaned with soap and hot water and dried in sunlight for reuse.

Sleep is vital to the well-being of adolescents. It can even help you to come out of the stress you experience during this period. During this period about 8 to 10 hours of sleep each night is necessary. But most teens do not have enough sleep which affects their physical and mental health.

 

Physical Exercise

Walking and playing in fresh air keeps the body fit and healthy. All young boys and girls should take a walk, exercise and play outdoor games. Physical activity leads to the conditions of better health, sound sleep and thereby mental peace. Mental peace promotes happiness in day to day existence.

Activity 3

Collect data on the number of students in your class who exercise regularly and who do not exercise regularly. Do you notice any difference in their fitness and health? Prepare a report on the benefits of regular exercise.

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