REINFORCED CONCRETE AND ALLIED WORKS:
This specification covers the general requirements for concrete jobs, using on-site production facilities including requirements in regard to the quantity, handling, storage of ingredients, proportioning, batching, mixing and testing of concrete and also requirements in regard to the quality. This also covers the transportation of concrete from the mixer to the place of final deposit and the placing, consolidation, curing, protecting, repairing ad finishing of concrete. After award of the work, if so desired by the contractor, he / they may be allowed by the Engineer-in-charge till the designed mix is obtained, to carry out the reinforce concrete work In foundation and plinth as per equivalent nominal mix against the specified design mix concrete as per IS Codes. However, all other specification for design mix shall govern for nominal mix also and nothing extra shall be paid for use of extra cement on this account whether the cement is supplied by the Department or procured by the contractor.
Cement Concrete (Plain and Reinforced):
The quality of materials and method and control of manufacture and transportation of all concrete work in respect of mix, where reinforced or otherwise, shall conform to the applicable portions of these specifications. The Engineer-in-charge shall have the right to inspect the sources of materials, the layout and operation of procurement and storage of materials, the concrete batching and mixing equipments and the quality control system. Such an inspection shall be arranged by the contractor and the Engineer-in-charge's approval shall be obtained prior to starting the concrete work.
Materials for Standard Concrete:
The ingredients to be used in the manufacture of standard concrete shall consist solely of a standard type Portland cement, clean sand, natural coarse aggregate, clean water, ice and admixtures if specially called for as per drawings or schedule of quantities.
Unless otherwise specified or called for by the Engineer-in-charge, cement shall be ordinary Portland cement in 50 kg bags. The use of bulk cement will be permitted only with the approval of the Engineer-in-charge. Changing of brands or type of cement within the same structure will not be permitted. Ordinary Portland cement (OPC) 43 grade manufactured as per I.S. specifications of reputed brands like ACC / Ultratech / Zuari / Coramendel or any other brands as approved by the Engineer-in-charge from time to time shall be procured and used on the work. Joint account of cement consumed at site for every day for items of work carried shall be maintained by the Contractor for verification to ensure effective control on quality of cement used in the work.
A certified report attesting to the conformity of the cement to IS specifications by the cement manufactures chemist shall be furnished to the Engineer-in-charge, if demanded. Incase the cement is required to be arranged by the Contractor, the Contractor will have to make his own arrangement for the storage of adequate quantity of cement. Cement in bulk may be stored in bins or silos which will provide complete protection from dampness, contamination and minimize caking and false set. Cement bags shall be stored in a dry enclosed shed (storage under tarpaulins will not be permitted), well away from the outer walls and insulated from the floor to avoid contact with moisture from ground and so arranged as to provide ready access. Damaged or reclaimed or partly set cement will not be permitted to be used and shall be removed from the site. The storage bins and storage arrangements shall be such that there is no dead storage. Not more than 12 bags shall be
stacked in any tier. The storage arrangement shall be got approved by the Engineer-in-charge. Consignments in cement shall be stored as received and shall be consumed in the order of their delivery. Contractor shall establish cement/concrete/soil testing laboratories at site of work with qualified person to handle the laboratory. Every consignment of cement procured shall accompany test certificate from the company indicating lot No etc. Sample shall be taken for each lot and sent to Standard Approved Material Testing Laboratory for physical and chemical analysis. The cost of testing shall be borne by the Contractor.
Cement held in store for a period of 90 (ninety) days or longer shall be retested before use in work. Should at any time the Engineer-in-charge have reasons to consider that any cement is defective, then irrespective of its origin and / or manufacturers test certificate, such cement shall be tested immediately at a National Test Laboratory / Departmental Laboratory or such approved laboratory, and until the results of such tests are found satisfactory, it shall not be used in any work.
"Aggregate" in general designates both fine and coarse inert materials used in the manufacture of concrete.
"Fine Aggregate" is aggregate most of which passes through 4.75 mm I.S. sieve. "Coarse Aggregate" is aggregate most of which is retained on 4.75 mm I.S. sieve. All fine and coarse aggregates proposed for use in the work shall be subject to the Engineer-in-charge's approval and after specific materials have been accepted, the source of supply of such materials shall not be changed without prior approval of the Engineer-in- charge. Aggregate shall, except as noted above, consists of natural sand, crushed stone and gravel from a source known to produce satisfactory aggregate for concrete and shall be chemically inert, strong, hard, curable against weathering, of limited porosity and free from deleterious materials that may cause corrosion to the reinforcement or may impair the strength and / or durability of concrete. The grading of aggregates shall be such as to produce a dense concrete of and shall be based on the "mix design" and preliminary test on concrete specified hereinafter.
Sampling and Testing:
Sampling of the aggregates for mix design and determination of suitability shall be
taken under the supervision of the Engineer-in-charge and delivered to the laboratory, well in
advance of the schedule placing of concrete. Record of tests which have been made on
proposed aggregates and on concrete made from this source of aggregates shall be furnished
to the Engineer-in-charge in advance of the work or use, in determining suitability of the
Storage of aggregates:
All coarse and fine aggregates shall be stacked separately in stock pile in the material yard near the work site in bins properly constructed to avoid inter mixing of different aggregates. Contamination with foreign materials and earth during storage and while heaping the materials shall be avoided. The aggregate must be of specified quality not only at the time of receiving at site but also at the time of loading into mixer. Rakers shall be used for lifting the coarse aggregate from bins or stock piles. Coarse aggregate shall be piled in layers not exceeding 1.00 meters in height to prevent conning or segregation. Each layer shall cover the entire area of the stock pile before succeeding layers are started. Aggregates that have become segregated shall be rejected. Rejected materials after remixing may be accepted, if subsequent tests demonstrate conformity with required gradation.
Aggregates having a specific gravity below 2.6 (saturated surface dry basis) shall not
be used without special permission of the Engineer-in-charge.
Fine aggregate except as noted above, and for other than light weight concrete shall
consist of natural or crushed sand conforming to IS 383. The sand shall be clean, sharp, hard,
strong and durable and shall be free from dust, vegetable substances, adherent coating, clay,
loam, alkali, organic matter mica, salt or other deleterious substances which can be injurious
to the setting qualities / strength / durability of concrete.
Screening and Washing:
Sand shall be prepared for use by such screening or washing or both as necessary, to
remove all objectionable foreign matter while separating the sand grains to the required size
fractions. Sand with silt content more than 3 percent will not be permitted to be used unless
same is washed and silt content is brought within 3% by weight.
GRADATION: Unless otherwise directed or approved, the grading of sand shall be within the
limit indicated hereunder:-
Where the grading falls outside the limits of any particular grading zone of sieves, other than
600 micron (IS) sieve by not more than 5% it shall be regarded as falling within that grading zone. This tolerance shall not be applied to percentage passing the 600 micron (IS)
sieve or to percentage passing any other sieve size on the coarser limit of grading zone I or the finer limit of grading zone IV. Fine aggregates conforming to Grading zone IV shall not be used unless mix designs and preliminary tests have shown its suitability for producing concrete of specified strength and workability.
The sand shall have a fineness modulus of not less than 2.2 or more than 3.2 the fineness modulus is determined by adding the cumulative. Percentages retained on the following IS sieve sizes (4.75 mm, 2.36 mm, 1.18mm, 600 micron, 300 micron and 150 micron) and dividing the sum by 100.
Coarse aggregate for concrete except as noted above and for other than light weight concrete shall conform to IS 383. This shall consist of natural or crushed stone and gravel, and shall be clean and free from elongated, flaky or laminated pieces, adhering coatings, clay lumps, coal residue, clinkers, sag, alkali, mica, organic matter or other deleterious matter.
The coarse aggregate and fine aggregate shall be tested from time to time as required by the Engineer-in-charge to ascertain its suitability for use in construction and the charges for testing aggregate shall be born by the contractor as specified herein after.
Screening and Washing:
Crushed rock shall be screened and / or washed for the removal of dirt or dust coating, if so demanded by Engineer-in-charge.
Coarse aggregates shall be either in single or graded in both the cases. The grading shall be within the following limits:
Foreign Material Limitations:
The percentages of deleterious substances in the coarse aggregate delivered to the mixer shall not exceed the following.
Water used for both mixing and curing shall be free from injurious amount of deleterious materials; potable waters are generally satisfactory for mixing and curing concrete. In case of doubt, the suitability of water for making concrete shall be ascertained by the compressive strength and initial setting time test specified in IS 456. The sample of water taken for testing shall be typical of the water proposed to be used for concreting, due account being paid to seasonal variation. The samples shall not receive any treatment before testing other than that envisaged in the regular supply of water proposed for use in concrete. The sample shall be stored in a clean container previously rinsed out with similar water. Average 28 days compressive strength of at least three 150mm concrete cubes prepared with water proposed to be used shall not be less than 90% of the average strength of three similar concrete cubes prepared with distilled water. The initial setting time of test block made with the appropriate test cement and the water proposed to be used shall not be less than 30 minutes and shall not differ by more than (+) 30 minutes form the initial setting time of control test block prepared with the appropriate test cement and distilled water. The test blocks shall be prepared and tested in accordance it the requirements of IS 4031. Where water can be shown to contain an excess of acid, alkali, sugar or salt, Engineer-in-charge may refuse to permit its use. As a guide, the following concentrations represent the maximum permissible values.
Limits of acidity:
To neutralize 200ml sample of water, using phenolphthalein as an indicator, it should not require more than 2ml of 0.1 normal NaOH. The details of test shall be as given in IS 3025.
Limits of alkalinity:
To neutralize 200ml sample of water, using methyl orange as an indicator, it should not require more than 10ml of 0.1 normal HCL. The details of test shall be as given in IS 3025.
Beam and Lintel:
Beam shall be measured from face to face of the columns, walls, cross beams including haunches if any. The depth of the beams shall be measured from the top of the slab tot eh bottom of the beam except in the case of inverted beam where it shall be measured from top of slab to top beams. The beams and lintels with narrow width even though acting as facia in elevation in some cases will be measured as beams and lintels only.
The length and breadth of slab laid to correct thickness as shown in the detailed drawing for as ordered by the Engineer-in-charge shall be measured between beams, walls ad columns.
II) Chajjas, Facias, Fins ad Mullions:
a.Chajjas shall be measured net from supporting faces upto the edges of chajjas without any facia.
b. Facia shall be measured full excluding chajja thickness. c. End fins shall be measured full.
d. Intermediate fins, mullions shall be measured between chajjs or other supporting structural members.
e. Parapets shall be measured from top of slab / chajja.
The concrete in all members of staircase like waist slabs, steps, cantilever steps, stringer beams etc. shall be measured for their length, breadth ad depth, limiting dimensions to those specified on drawings. No deductions shall be made for embedded plugs, pockets.
The rate for PCC / RCC shall include the cost of all materials, labour, transport, tools ad plants and all the operations mentioned hitherto, including or excluding the cost of form work and / or reinforcement as mention din the schedule for quantities. The rates also shall include the cost of testing material, mix design; cube test ad allied incidental expenses. The reinforcement steel used in the works shall be measured and paid for separately under relevant item.