Steel reinforcement bars, if supplied or arranged by contractor, shall be either plain round mild steel bars grade as per IS 432 (part-I) or medium tensile steel bars as per IS 452 (part-I) or hot rolled mild steel ad medium tensile steel deformed bars as per IS 1139 or cold twisted steel bars and hot weld strength deformed bars as per IS 1786, as shown and specified on the drawings. Wire mesh or fabric shall be in accordance with IS 1566. Substitution of reinforcement will not be permitted except upon written approval from Engineer-in-charge. Storage :
The reinforcement steel shall not be kept in direct contact with ground but stacked on top of an arrangement of timber sleepers or the like. Reinforcement steel shall be with cement wash before stacking to prevent scale and rust. Fabricated reinforcement shall be carefully stock to prevent damage, distortion, corrosion ad deteriorations.
All steel shall be grade I quality unless specifically permitted by the Engineer-in-charge. No rolled material will e accepted. If demanded by the Engineer-in-charge. Contractor shall submit the manufacturers test certificate for steel. Random tests on steel supplied by contractor may be performed by Department as per relevant Indian Standards. All costs incidental to such tests shall be at contractors expense. Steel not conforming to specifications shall be rejected. All reinforcement shall be clean, free from grease, oil, paint, dirt loose mill, scale dust, bituminous materials or any other substances that will destroy or reduce the bond. All rods shall be thoroughly cleaned before being fabricated. Pitted and defective rods shall not be used. All bars shall be rigidly held in position before concreting. No welding of rods to obtain continuity shall be allowed unless approved by the Engineer-in- charge. If welding is approved, the work shall be carried as per 2751, according to best modern practices ad as directed by the Engineer-in-charge in all cases of important connections, tests shall be made to prove that the joints are of the full strength of bars welded. Special specifications, as specified by the Engineer-in-charge, shall be adhered to in the welding of cold worked reinforcing bars and bars other than mild steel.
Laps ad splices for reinforcement shall be shown in the drawings. Splices, in adjacent bars shall be staggered ad the locations of all splices, except those pecified on the drawing shall be approved by the Engineer-in-charge. The bars shall not be lapped unless the length required exceeds the maximum available length of bars at site.
All bars shall be accurately bent according to the sizes ad shapes shown on the detailed working drawings/ bar being schedules. They shall be bent gradually by machine or other approved means. Reinforcing bars shall not be straightened and rebent in a manner that will injure the materials. Bars containing cracks or splits shall be rejected. They shall be bent cold, except bars of over 25mm in diameter which may be bent hot if specifically approved by the Engineer-incharge. Bars bent hot shall not be heated beyond cherry red colour (not exceeding 645oC ) and after bending shall be allowed to cool slowly without quenching. Bars incorrectly bent shall be used only of ht means used for straightening and rebinding be such as shall not, in the opinion of the Engineer-in-charge injure the material. NO reinforcement bar shall be bent when in position in the work without approval, whether or not it is partially embedded in ardened concrete. Bars having links or bends other than those required by
design shall not be used.
Bending at Construction Joints :
Where reinforcement bars are bent aide at construction joints and afterwards bent
back into their original position, care should be taken to ensure that no time the radius of the bend is less than 4 bar diameters for plain mild steel or 6 bar diameters for deformed bars. Care shall also be taken when bending back bars to ensure that the concrete around the bar is not damaged.
Fixing / Placing ad Tolerance on Placing :
Reinforcement shall be accurately fixed by ay approved means maintain din the correct position as shown in the drawings by the use of blocks, spacer and chairs as per IS 2502 to prevent displacement during placing ad compaction of concrete. Bar intended to be in contact at crossing point shall be securely bound together at all such points with number 16 gauge annealed soft iron wire. The vertical distances required between successive layers of bars in beams or similar members shall be maintained by the provision of mild steel spacer bars at such intervals that the main bars do not perceptibly sag between adjacent spacer bars.
Tolerance on placing of reinforcement :
Unless otherwise specified by the Engineer-in-charge, reinforcement shall be placed within the following tolerances:
Tolerance in spacing
a) For effective depth, 200 mm or less + 10 mm
b) For effective depth, more than 200 mm + 15 mm
Cover to Reinforcement :
The cover shall in no case be reduced by more than one third of specified cover or
5mm whichever is less. Unless indicated otherwise on the drawings, clear concrete cover for reinforcement (exclusive of plaster or other decorative finish shall be as follows) :
a) At each end of reinforcing bar not less than 25 mm, nor less than twice the diameter of such bar.
b) For a longitudinal reinforcing bar not less than 25 mm, nor more than 40 mm, nor less
than the diameter of such bar. In the case of column of maximum dimensions of 200mm or under, whose reinforcing bars do not exceed 12mm, a cover of 25mm may be used.
c) For longitudinal reinforcing bar in a bar, not less than 25 mm nor less than the diameter of such bar and.
d) For tensile, compressive, shear, or other reinforcement in a slab, not less than 25mm,
nor less than the diameter of such bar and.
e) For any other reinforcement not less than 15mm, nor less than the diameter of such bar.
f) Increased cover thickness may be provided when surfaces of concrete members are exposed to the action of harmful chemicals (as in the case of concrete in contact with earth faces contaminated with such chemicals), acid, vapour, saline, railways) etc. and such
increase of cover may be between 15mm and 50 mm beyond the figures given in (a to e) above as may be specified by the Engineer-in-charge.
g) For reinforced concrete members, totally immersed in sea water the cover shall be 40mm, more than specified ( a to e) above.
h) For reinforced concrete members, periodically immersed in sea water or subject to sea spray, the cover of concrete shall be 50 mm more than that specified (a to e) above.
i) For concrete of grade M25 and above, the additional thickness of cover specified in (f),
(g) and (h) above a my be reduced to half. In all such cases the cover should not exceed 75mm.
j) Protection to reinforcement in case of concrete exposed to harmful surroundings may
also be given by providing a dense impermeable concrete with approved protective coating as specified on the drawings. In such case, the extra cover, mentioned in (h) and (i) above, may be reduced by the Engineer-in-charge, to those shown on the drawing.
k) The correct cover shall be maintained by cement mortar briquettes or other approved means. Reinforcement for footings, grade beams ad slabs on sub grade shall be supported on precise concrete blocks as approved by the Engineer-in-charge. The use of pebbles or stones shall be permitted.
l) The minimum clear distance between reinforcing bars shall be in accordance with IS 456 or as shown in drawings.