I. Choose the correct answer
1. _____________ is not made of matter
a. gold ring
b. iron nail
c. light ray
d. oil drop
Answer: (c) light ray
2. 200 ml of water is poured into a bowl of 400ml capacity. The volume of water now will be
a. 400 ml
b. 600 ml
Answer: (c) 200ml
3. Seeds from water-melon can be removed by _____________ method.
c. magnetic separation
Answer: (a) hand-picking
4. Lighter impurities like dust when mixed with rice or pulses can be removed by _____________.
Answer: (d) winnowing
5. _____________of is essential to perform winnowing activity
Answer: (d) Air
6. Filtration method is effective in separating _____________ mixture
Answer: (b) solid-liquid
7. From the following _____________ is nota mixture
a. Coffee with milk
b. lemon juice
d. ice cream embedded with nuts.
Answer: (c) water
II. State whether the following statements are True or False. If false give the correct statement
a. Air is not compressible. [False]
Gases are highly compressible as compared to liquids
and solids. So Air is compressible.
b. Liquids have no fixed volume but have fixed shape. [False]
Liquids have fixed volume but not have fixed shape.
c. Particles in solids are free to move. [False]
Particles in solids are not free to move.
d. When pulses are washed with water before cooking, the water is separated from them by the pro-cess of filtration [True]
e. Strainer is a kind of sieve which is used to separate a liquid from solid [True]
f. Grain and husk can be separated by winnowing [True]
g. Air is a pure substance [False]
Air is a mixture of substances.
h. Butter from curds is separated by sedimentation. [False]
Butter from curds is separated
III. a) Match the following
Property / Example
Breaks easily ( brittle)- Metal pan
Bends readily- Rubber band
Can be stretched easily- Cotton wool
Gets compressed easily- Mud pot
Gets heated readily- Plastic wire
Property : Example
Breaks easily ( brittle) : Mud pot
Bends readily : Plastic wire
Can be stretched easily : Rubber band
Gets compressed easily : Cotton wool
Gets heated readily : Mud pot
i Separation of visible undesirable components - water mixed with chalk powder- Magnetic Separation
ii Separating of heavier and lighter components - sand and water -Decantation
iii Separation of insoluble impurities- iron impurities- Filtration
iv Separation of magnetic component from non- magnetic- components- rice and stone- Hand-picking
v. Separation of solids from liquids- husk and paddy- Winnowing
(i) Separation of visible undesirable - rice and stone - Hand-picking
(ii) Separating of heavier and lighter components - husk and paddy - Winnowing
(iii) Separation of insoluble impurities - Water mixed with chalk power -Decantation
(iv) Separation of magnetic component from non - magnetic components - iron impurities - Magnetic Separation
(v) Separation of solids from liquids - Sand and water - Filtration
IV) Fill in the blanks
1. Matter is made up of extremely small particles.
2. In solids, the space between the particles is less than in liquids and gases
3. Grains can be separated from their stalks by Winnowing.
4. Chillies are removed from ‘upma’ by Hand-picking method.
5. The method employed to separate clay particles from water is Decantation.
6. Among the following items: safety pins, pencil and rubber band, safety pins will get attracted to a magnet.
7. Water obtained from tube wells is usually impure Water.
V. Complete the given analogy
1. Solid: rigidity:: gas: _____________.
Solid: rigidity :: gas : flexibility
2. Large Inter-particle space: gas:: _____________ :solid
Large Inter-particle space: gas :: tightly packed:
3. Fluidity: Fixed volume:: _____________ :
Fluidity: Fixed volume :: Liquid : Solid
4. Husk-grains: winnowing:: Sawdust- Chalk piece: _____________
Husk-grains: winnowing :: Sawdust- Chalk piece : Decantation.
5. Murukku from hot oil: _____________ : coffee powder residue from decoction
Murukku from hot oil : Filtration :: coffee powder residue from decoction : Decantation.
6. Iron – sulphurmixture: ____________: Mustard seeds from Urad-dhal: rolling
Iron - sulphurmixture : Magnetic separation :: Mustard seeds from Urad-dhal : rolling
VI. Very Short answer
1. Define the term matter.
Matter is anything that has mass and occupies space.
2. How can husk or fine dust particles be separated from rice before cooking?
Husk or fine dust particles be separated from rice before cooking by decantation.
The water with the impurities is carefully poured away leaving clean rice at the bottom.
This is called decantation.
3. Why do we separate mixtures?
We separate mixtures because
• to remove harmful components
• to obtain the useful component
• to obtain a substance in a highly pure form.
4. Give an example for mixture and justify your answer with reason.
Example for mixture:
• stones from rice
• Petrol from petroleum
• Gold from gold mines.
We have to separate this mixtures to get useful things.
5. Define Sedimentation.
Sedimentation : Settling down of suspended, insoluble and heavy solid particles (used to separate solid - liquid mixtures)
6. Give the main difference between a pure substance and an impure substance.
1. Deduction of a foreign or inferior substance
2. Ready to use
1. Addition of a foreign or inferior substance
2. Not ready to use
VII. Short answer
1. A rubber ball changes its shape on pressing. Can it be called a solid?
Answer: Yes, it is solid filled with air.
2. Why do gases not have fixed shape?
Answer: The particles in the gases are arranged far apart. They move freely. So gases not have fixed shape. Eg. Air
3. What method will you employ to separate cheese (paneer) from milk? Explain.
Answer: Filtering method is used to separate cheese (paneer) from milk.
Pocedureto separate cheese (paneer) from milk.
• We will use filter papers to remove waste milk.
• A filter paper has very fine pores much smaller than soil particles.
• Fix a filter paper in the funnel and Slowly pour the milk over the filter paper.
• The milk which passes through the filter.
• Cheese (paneer) is stayed in filter paper.
4. Look at the picture given below and explain the method of separation illustrated.
Answer: Sieving method is used to separate bran from flour.
Pocedure to separate bran from flour:
• We sieve to remove bran from flour.
• Slowly pour the flour over the sieve, and shake the sieve.
• The flour which passes through the sieve is seperated.
• Now bran from flouris separated.
5. How can you separate a mixture of a large quantity of tiny bits of paper mixed with pulses / dal?
Answer: A mixture of a large quantity of tiny bits of paper mixed with pulses / dalbe separated by decantation.
• The water with the impurities is carefully poured away leaving clean pulses /dal at the bottom. This is called decantation.
6. What is meant by food adulteration?
Answer: Things that we buy in the market are mixed with harmful and unwanted substances. This process is called adulteration.
7. Mr. Raghu returns home on a hot summer day and wants to have buttermilk. Mrs. Raghu has only curds. What can she do to get buttermilk? Explain
Answer: Preparation of buttermilk:
• take a small amount of cud in a container.
• mix water with curd in container and add pinch of salt.
• Churn water with curd.
• now the butter milk is ready.
VIII. Answer in detail
1. Distinguish between properties of Solid, liquid, gas. Draw suitable diagram
2. Using suitable apparatus from your laboratory separate the mixture of chalk powder, mustard oil, water and coins. Draw a flow chart to show the separation process.
IX. Life Skills-Debate
Debate on “Food adulteration and detection”
X. Field Trip
Visit a nearby paddy field and rice mill and note down the different separating techniques used there. Is technology replacing some traditional practices?
Watch you tube video in the given link
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XI. Sequence Type:
Write the sequence of steps you would use for making tea.
Use the words : mixture, dissolve, filtrate and residue.
Tea can be prepared by the following steps:
(i)Take 100ml of water as a solvent and boil it a few minutes.
(ii) Now add one teaspoon sugar, one teaspoon tea leaves and 50ml of milk. Here sugar, tea leaves and milk are solutes.
(iii) Now boil it again for a few minutes so that sugar will dissolves in solution as sugar is soluble in water
(iv) Now filter the solution. Collect the filtrate in a cup. The insoluble tea leaves will be left behind as residue.
XII. Topic enrichment –Project
Make a fruit or vegetable salad. Give reasons why you think it is a mixture.
Connect with Environment
We learnt about different objects and their properties. Can you tell why it is better to use plates made of paper or dry leaves better than the ones made of plastics? Discuss in small groups and share with the class.
Connect with Biology
Blood constitutes about 7-8% of human body weight. Blood has the important function of transporting oxygen and nutrients to our cells and getting rid of carbon dioxide, ammonia, and other waste products, in immunity and also in regulating our body temperature. Blood is composed of more than 4,000 different kinds of components. Four of the most plasma.
Plasma is the liquid in which the red cells, white cells and platelets are present.
Blood is not a pure substance but a mixture.
Find out details of separating its components.
Connect with sports
Air is not a pure substance. It helps us in many ways from breathing to playing. Balloon sports are a very popular sport. The basis of how the balloon works is that, hot air is lighter than cool air. which makes balloon rise up Find out more about Hot Air balloons.
1. Malar’s mother was preparing to cook dinner. She accidentally mixed ground nuts with urad-dhal. Suggest a suitable method to separate the two substances so that Malar can have ground nuts to eat.
2. In a glass containing some water, tamarind juice and sugar is added and stirred well. Is this a mixture- can you tell why? Will this solution be sweet? or sour? or both sweet and sour?
3. Justify your answer.
Arrangement of particles in three different phases of matter is shown above.
a. Which state is represented by fig. I?
b. In which will be the inter particle attraction maximum?
c. Which one of them cannot be contained in an open vessel?
d. Which one can take the shape of its container?