POWER CORPORATIONS IN INDIA
1 NATIONAL THERMAL POWER CORPORATION
National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) was incorporated in November, 1975, as a public sector undertaking with main objective of planning, promoting and organising integrated development of Thermal Power in the Country. The Authorized Capital of the corporation is Rs. 6,000 crore.
NTPC is currently constructing and operating the Nine Super Thermal Power Projects at Singrauli (UP), Korba (MP), Ramagundam.(AP), Farakka (WB), Vindhyachal (MP), Rihand (UP), Kahalgaon (Bihar), Dadri (UP), Talcher (Orissa) and Four Gas-based Projects at Anta (Rajasthan), Auraiya (UP), Dadri (UP) and Kawas (Gujarat) with a total approved capacity of 15,687 mW. The corporation is also executing transmission lines of total length of about 20,200 ckt. km. NTPC has been entrusted with management of Badarpur Thermal Power Station (720 mW) which is a major source of power to Delhi.
Installed capacity of NTPC Projects stands at 9915 mW. The corporation has fully completed its projects at Singrauli (2,000 mW), Korba (2,100 mW) and Ramagundam (2,100 mW) and Rihand and Two Gas-based Projects at Anta (413 mW) and Auraiya (652 mW).
2 NATIONAL HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER CORPORATION
The National Hydroelectric Power Corporation (NHPC) was incorporated in November 1975, with objectives to plan, promote and organize an integrated development of hydroelectric Power in the Central Sector. NHPC is presently engaged in construction of Dulhasti, Uri and Salal (Stage-II) Hydro-electric Projects (all in Jammu and Kashmir), Chamera Stage-1 (Himachal Pradesh), Tanakpur Project (UP) and Rangit Project (Sikkim). NHPC is also responsible for operation and maintenance of Salal Project Stage-I (J & K), Baira Siul Project (Himachal Pradesh) and Loktak Project (Manipur).
NHPC has a shelf of projects ready with all statutory clearances awaiting Government Sanction for execution. These are Baglihar and Sawalkot (both in J & K), Chamera II (H.P.), Dhauliganga Stage-I (U.P.) and Koel Karo (Bihar). NHPC have completed investigation of Dhaleswari (Mizoram), Dhauliganga Intermediate Stage (U.P.) Goriganga Stage I and II (U.P.) and Kishenganga (J & K). These are under techno-economic appraisal by CEA. The Corporation is continuing investigations on Goriganga-III (U.P.). Two Mega Projects viz., Teesta (Sikkim) and Katch Tidal Project (Gujarat) presently under techno-economic appraisal by CEA have also been entrusted to NHPC for execution.
The corporation has completed so far 3220 ckt kms of EHV transmission lines, along with the associated sub-stations. Besides, a giant transmission network encompassing 3170 ckt kms including 800 KV class is also under execution under World Bank Assistance for transfer for power in the North-ern Region. In the snow-bound areas of J & K, a 400 kV Dulhasti Transmission Line is also under execution under Russian Assistance.
3 RURAL ELECTRIFICATION CORPORATION
The Rural Electrification Corporation (REC) was set up in July, 1969, with the primary objective of promoting rural electrification by financing rural Electrification Schemes and Rural Electric Coop-eratives in the states.
REC have given loans aggregating to Rs. 4742.49 crore by 1989?90 to States and State Electric-ity Boards for the Rural Electrification Schemes. Loans during 1989?90 aggregated to Rs. 724.60 crore.
4 DAMODAR VALLEY CORPORATION
Damodar Valley Corporation (DVC) was established in 1948 under an Act of Parliament for unified development of Damodar Valley covering an area of 24,235 sq km in Bihar and West Bengal. Functions assigned to the corporation are: control of floods, irrigation, generation and transmission of power besides activities like navigation, soil conservation and afforestation, promotion of public health and agricultural, industrial and economic development of the valley. The corporation has Three Thermal Power Stations at Bokaro, Chandrapura and Durgapur with a total installed capacity (derated) of 1755 mw. It has four multi-purpose Dams at Tilaiya, Maithon, Panchet and Konar. There are three Hydel Stations appended to Tilaiya, Maithon and Panchet Dams with a capacity of 144 mW. DVC has also set up three Gas Turbine Units of 30 mW each at Maithon. The corporation is installing one more thermal units of 210 mW at Bokaro ?B?, Three Thermal Units of 210 mW each at Mejia and the fourth units of 210 mW each at the right bank of Maithon.
5 NORTH-EASTERN ELECTRIC POWER CORPORATION LIMITED
The North-Eastern Electric Power Corporation Ltd., was constituted in 1976 under the Compa-nies Act under the aim of developing the large electric power potential of the North-Eastern Region. The corporation is responsible for operation and maintenance of the 150 mW Kopili Hydro Electric Project which was commissioned in, June/July, 1988. The associated 220 kV and 132 kV transmission lines for supply power from this project to the constituent states of the region, namely; Assam, Manipur, Mizoram and Tripura, have also been completed.
The Corporation is presently executing the following projects: (i) Dovang Hydro-Electric Project (75 mW) Nagaland; (ii) Ranganadi Hydro Electric Project (405 mW) Arunachal Pradesh; (iii) Assam Gas Based Project (280 mW) Assam; (iv) Doyang Transmission Line Project; (v) Kanganaali Transmis-sion Line Project; (vi) Gohpur-Itanagar Transmission Line Project and (vii) 400 kV Transmission Line System associated with the Assam Gas Based Project.
6 BHAKRA BEAS MANAGEMENT BOARD AND BEAS CONSTRUCTION BOARD
Under the Punjab Reorganization Act. 1966, Bhakra Management Board thereto managed man-agement of Bhakra Darn and reservoirs and works appurtenant. The construction of Beas Project was undertaken by the Beas Construction Board. After completion of works of Beas Project, management of the project was taken over by Bhakra Management Board redesignated as Bhakra Beas Management Board (BBMB). BBMB now manages Hydro-electric Power Stations of Bhakra-Beas Systems, namely. Bhakra Right Bank (660 mW), Bhakra Left Bank (540 mW), Ganguwal (77 mW), Kotla (77 mW), Dehar Stage-I (660 mW), Debar Stage-II (330 mW). Pong Stage-I (240 mW) and Pong Stage-I1 (120 mW), all having a total installed capacity of 2,704 mW.
7 POWER ENGINEERS TRAINING SOCIETY (PETS)
The Power Engineers Training Society (PETS) was formed in 1980 as a autonomous body to function as an Apex National Body for meeting the training requirements of Power Sector in the Coun-try. The society is responsible for coordinating training programmes of the various State Electricity Boards, Power stations, etc. and supplementing these with its own training activities. The society has Four Regional ?Thermal Power Station Personnel Training Institutes at Neyveli, Durgapur, Badarpur (New Delhi) and Nagpur. These Training Institutes conduct regular induction courses, in-service re-fresher and short-term courses, on job and on plant training programmes for Power Engineers, operators and technicians of Thermal Power Stations/State Electricity Boards, etc. A Simulator installed at the Training Institute at Badarpur (New Delhi) provides training to engineers and operators of 210 mW Thermal Units.
8 CENTRAL POWER RESEARCH INSTITUTE (CPRI), BANGALORE
The Central Power Research Institute, which was set up in 1960 as a subordinate office under the erstwhile Central Water and Power Commission (Power Wing), was reorganised and registered as a Society under the Karnataka Societies Act, 1960, with effect from January, 1978. The CPRI functions as a National Laboratory for applied research in the field of Electric Power Engineering. While the Central Power Research Institute has a Switchgear Testing and Development Station at Bhopal, the main com-plex of its laboratories is at Bangalore. The institute is an Apex Body for Research and Development in the Power Sector and conducts tests of electrical apparatus in accordance with the National/Interna-tional Standards so as to meet fully the research and testing needs of electrical, transmission and distri-bution equipment. The CPRI also serves as a National Testing and Certification Authority for transmis-sion and distribution equipment. The institute possesses Highly Sophisticated Laboratories comparable to those in the Developed Countries.
9 NATHPA, JHAICRI POWER CORPORATION LIMITED
NJPC, a joint venture of the Centre and Government of Himachal Pradesh, was incorporated on May 24, 1988, for execution of Nathpa Jhakri Power Project (6 ? 250 mW) with equity participation in the ratio of 3 : 1. The corporation has an authorized Share Capital of Rs 1,000 crore. It will also execute other Hydro-electric Power Projects in the region with consent of the state government.
The corporation has already taken up execution of Nathpa Jhakri Hydro-electric Project (6 ? 250 mW) for which World Bank has agreed to extend financial assistance of 4370 lakh US dollar. The project is estimated to cost Rs. 1,678 crore (at September, 1988, price level). At present, infrastructure works on the project site are under execution. Drifts at Power House Site at Jhakri and Desalting Com-plex at Nathpa aggregating to a length of 2850 metres have been executed. Drill Holes at various loca-tions totaling a length of 4300 metres as per recommendations of GSI have been made. About 76 hec-tares of land was acquired and acquisition proceedings for above 400 hectares are underway. About 26 kms of 22 kV double circuit HT Line and about 11 kms of 22 kV single circuit HT Line have also been completed for Construction Power. About 46 kms of roads have also been constructed. About 46250 sq. metres of buildings have been constructed. The project is expected to be completed within a period of about seven years and would yield benefits during the Eighth Plan.
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