Home | | Botany 11th std | Photo-Oxidation Phase of Light Reaction

Chapter: 11th Botany : Chapter 13 : Photosynthesis

Photo-Oxidation Phase of Light Reaction

The action of photon plays a vital role in excitation of pigment molecules to release an electron.

Photo-Oxidation Phase of Light Reaction

The action of photon plays a vital role in excitation of pigment molecules to release an electron. When the molecules absorb a photon, it is in excited state. When the light source turned off, the high energy electrons return to their normal low energy orbitals as the excited molecule goes back to its original stable condition known as ground state. When molecules absorb or emit light they change their electronic state. Absorption of blue light excites the chlorophyll to higher energy state than absorption of Red light, because the energy of photon is higher when their wavelength is shorter. When the pigment molecule is in an excited state, this excitation energy is utilised for the phosphorylation. Phosphorylation takes place with the help of light generated electron and hence it is known as photophosphorylation.

 

1. Fluorescence and Phosphorescence


Normal state of an atom or molecule is called ground state. When a photon of light collides with the chlorophyll molecule, an electron from outer most orbit is moved to higher energy orbit causing excitation of chlorophyll. This is known as excited state. There are three excited states such as:

 

1)          First singlet state (S1)

 

2)          Second singlet state (S2)

 

3)          First Triplet Sate (T1)

 

When a red light strikes chlorophyll molecule, one electron is released from its ground level (S0) to first singlet state (S1). It is in unstable state having half-life period of 10-9 seconds. When a blue light strikes chlorophyll molecule, one electron is released from its ground level (S 0) to second singlet state (S2). It is because blue light has shorter wavelength and more energy than red light. This state is also unstable having half-life period of less than 10–12 seconds. Both S1 and S2 states being unstable move to ground state S0 by releasing energy through the several possible ways.

 

i. Fluorescence

 

The electron from first singlet state (S1) returns to ground state (S0) by releasing energy in the form of radiation energy (light) in the red region and this is known as fluorescence. Fluorescence is the immediate emission of absorbed radiations (Figure 13.11). Pathway of electron during fluorescence: S1 S0

p

 

ii. Phosphorescence


Electron from Second Singlet State (S2) may return to next higher energy level (S1) by losing some of its extra energy in the form of heat. From first singlet state (S1) electron further drops to first triplet state (T1). Triplet State is unstable having half life time of 10-3 seconds and electrons returns to ground state with emission of light in red region called as phosphorescence (Figure 13.11). Phosphorescence is the delayed emission of absorbed radiations. Pathway of electron during Phosphorescence: S2 → S1 → T1 → S0

 

2. Photosystem and Reaction Centre

 

• Thylakoid membrane contains Photosystem I (PS I) and Photosystem II (PS II).

 

• PS I is in unstacked region of granum facing stroma of chloroplast.

 

• PS II is found in stacked region of thylakoid membrane facing lumen of thylakoid.

 

• Each Photosystem consists of central core complex (CC) and light harvesting Complex (LHC) or Antenna molecules(Figure 13.12).

 

• The core complex consists of respective reaction centre associated with proteins, electron donors and acceptors.

 

• PS I – CC I consists of reaction centre P700 and LHC I.


• PS II – CC II consists of reaction centre P680 and LHC II (Table 13.2).

 

• Light Harvesting Complex consists of several chlorophylls, carotenoids and xanthophyll molecules.

 

• The main function of LHC is to harvest light energy and transfer it to their respective reaction centre.

 

Study Material, Lecturing Notes, Assignment, Reference, Wiki description explanation, brief detail
11th Botany : Chapter 13 : Photosynthesis : Photo-Oxidation Phase of Light Reaction |

Related Topics

11th Botany : Chapter 13 : Photosynthesis


Privacy Policy, Terms and Conditions, DMCA Policy and Compliant

Copyright © 2018-2023 BrainKart.com; All Rights Reserved. Developed by Therithal info, Chennai.