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Chapter: 11th Botany : Chapter 13 : Photosynthesis

Chemiosmotic Theory

Chemiosmotic Theory
According to this theory electrons are transported along the membrane through PS I and PS II and connected by Cytochrome b6-f complex.

Chemiosmotic Theory

Chemiosmosis theory was proposed by P. Mitchell (1966). According to this theory electrons are transported along the membrane through PS I and PS II and connected by Cytochrome b6-f complex. The flow of electrical current is due to difference in electrochemical potential of protons across the membrane. Splitting of water molecule takes place inside the membrane. Protons or H+ ions accumulate within the lumen of the thylakoid (H+ increase 1000 to 2000 times). As a result, proton concentration is increased inside the thylakoid lumen. These protons move across the membrane because the primary acceptor of electron is located outside the membrane. Protons in stroma less in number and creates a proton gradient. This gradient is broken down due to the movement of proton across the membrane to the stroma through CFO of the ATP synthase enzyme. The proton motive force created inside the lumen of thylakoid or chemical gradient of H+ ion across the membrane stimulates ATP generation (Figure 13.17).


The evolution of one oxygen molecule (4 electrons required) requires 8 quanta of light. C3 plants utilise 3 ATPs and 2 NADPH + H+ to evolve one Oxygen molecule. To evolve 6 molecules of Oxygen 18 ATPs and 12 NADPH + H+ are utilised. C 4 plants utilise 5 ATPs and 2 NADPH + H+ to evolve one oxygen molecule. To evolve 6 molecules of Oxygen 30 ATPs and 12 NADPH + H+ are utilised.

 

Check your grasp!

What will be the quanta requirement for complete light reaction which releases 6 oxygen molecules?

Solution: Complete light reaction releases 6 oxygen molecules. If one molecule of oxygen evolution requires 8 quanta means, for 6 oxygen molecules 6 Ă— 8 = 48 quanta of light required for complete light reaction.

 

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11th Botany : Chapter 13 : Photosynthesis : Chemiosmotic Theory |

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11th Botany : Chapter 13 : Photosynthesis


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