Organizations and structures
The following agencies are
responsible for the organization and delivery of child health services in the
general practitioner (GP).
visitor and community nursery nurses
nurses for mainstream and special schools
The local authority has
responsibilities for the administration and delivery of education and social
Children Act 2004 requires that local authorities have a director for
children’s services and a lead member responsible for children.
UK, central government is responsible for establishing national policies and
guidance and overseeing standards via various means of inspection, but local
need determines what services are available.
In the UK there are two levels of
Central and administrative level
(local authority departments):
support to schools (includes educational psychology, specialist teachers for
learning, behaviour, senses, and educational welfare);
for initiation, coordination, and provision of statement of special educational
needs according to the 2001 Special Educational Needs and Disability Act.
directly managed by their governing body;
special educational needs co-ordinator (SENCO);
allocated some funds to support children with special needs.
access to specialist educational services;
given extra resources as specified in statements of special educational needs
for individual children within the school.
paediatricians in hospital and community
Specialist nurses: e.g., diabetes, epilepsy, asthma)
paediatric nursing teams: provide
nursing care at home and in other
settings for children with complex needs