Growth and development:
The childcare depends on the understanding of parents, about
the growth and development of the child. Through nonverbal signals also a child
expresses and demands many things. The parents must learn to observe their
child closely and try to fulfill his or her needs by providing appropriate
Importance of learning growth and
1. The nurse knows what to expect of a particular child at a given
The nurse can judge each child
whether he/she is normal for specific level of development.
The nurse can understand the reason
of illness at a particular age.
The nurse understands the need of a
The nurse can plan the total care of
Growth is an increase in the size of
the whole body or any of its part. It can be measured in inches, centimeters,
pounds or kilograms.
Development is functional
maturation. It is a progressive increase in skills and capacity of function. It
is orderly, not half hazard. There is direct relationship between its one stage
and the next. Each child has its own rate of growth. Physical, social,
emotional, and spiritual growth and development proceed at different rates but
they are interrelated.
When growth in any aspect is
unusually slow or advanced, the interrelation may change. All children grow
through the normal sequence of development.
Ovum - From conception to two weeks.
Embryonic - Up to 12 weeks intrauterine life.
Fetal - From 3 weeks intrauterine to birth of
Perinatal - From birth to one week
Neonatal - From birth to four weeks.
Infancy - From birth to one year of age.
Toddlerhood - From one year to three years of age.
Pre-school age - From three to six years of age.
School age - From 6 years to 12 years.
Adolescence - From 13 years to beginning of adult