Common accidental injuries:
Falls are common in infants when
they turn from side to side, creep, crawl, and walk. Due to lack of motor
coordination and lack of the sense of space, they easily fall from the height.
Infants should be never left alone, on the cot, table, or
any other unprotected surface, from where they can easily fall.
2. Foreign body aspiration :
Infancy is the oral phase, when
infants explore every thing by putting them in the mouth. If small objects are
put in the mouth, they may get aspirated.
The care should be taken not to leave any small objects in
infants hand and within their reach. Toys should not have any small removable
parts. Infants should never be fed solid foods which are difficult for them to
chew, such as groundnuts.
A stove, cooking gas stove, electrical hot plate, electrical
heater, or such appliances should be never within the reach of infants. If
children get access to these appliances, can get bums.
All heating equipments and
electrical appliances should be kept at higher level where children cannot
4. Foreign bodies in ear, nose or
Infants enjoy putting small things
into openings or holes like, nose, ear, and mouth.
Infants should not have access to
any small things such as beads, stones, nuts, or button.
Infants may move toward the tub,
water pool, well, because they enjoy water. They may get into it and being
helpless may get drowned.
The precaution is always necessary
not to leave children alone near the water tubes water drums, wells or water.
The water drums should be always covered. The door of the house should be
always closed so that infants cannot go out.