The term data comes from the word datum, which means a raw fact. The data is a fact about people, places or some objects.
Let ‘Name’, ‘Age’, ‘Class’, ‘Marks’ and ‘Subject’ be some defined variables. Now, let us assign a value to each of these variables.
In the above example, the values assigned to the five different variables are called data. When the above data is processed, we get an information “Rajesh is 16 years old, studying in Class XI, has scored 65 marks in Computer Science subject”.