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Chapter: Special Electrical Machines - Switched Reluctance Motor

Microprocessor or Computer Based Control of SRM Drive

Today in industrial places there is high demands on control accuracies, flexibility, ease of operation, repeatability of parameters for many drive applications.

MICROPROCESSOR OR COMPUTER BASED CONTROL OF SRM DRIVE

 

Today in industrial places there is high demands on control accuracies, flexibility, ease of operation, repeatability of parameters for many drive applications. Nowadays switched reluctance motors are increasingly used in industries. To meet the above requirements, uses of microprocessor have become important.


Fig. shows the block diagram of microprocessor based control of SRM drive. This control system consists of power semiconductor switching circuit, SRM with rotor position sensor and microprocessor system. In this system microprocessor acts as a controller for the switched reluctance motor and generate control pulses to the power semiconductor switching circuits.

 

The input DC supply is fed to the power semiconductor switching circuits. Different types of power semiconductor switching circuits are used for different application. Normally the circuits are inverter circuit configuration.

The power semiconductor devices are turned on and off by controller circuit. Here the controller circuit is microprocessor or computer based control system.

 

In the SRM drive shown in fig. 3.14, the rotor position sensor gives the information about the rotor with respect to the reference axis to the microprocessor or computer control. The controller also receives the status of current, flow through the phase winding and reference signal.

 

The microprocessor or computer compares the signals obtained from the RPS and reference and generate square pulses to the power semiconductor devices. This signal is fed to the inverter circuit. The phase winding of the SRM is energized depending upon the turning on and off of the power semiconductor switching circuit.

 

The microprocessor or computer controller can perform the following functions.

 

a)     Control the feedback loops.

 

b)    PWM or square wave signal generation to inverters.

 

c)     Optimal and adaptive control.

 

d)    Signal monitoring and warning.

 

e)     General sequencing control.

 

f)      Protection and fault overriding control.

 

g)     Data acquisition.

 

 

The superiority of microprocessor or computer control over the conventional hardware based control can be easily recognized for complex drive control system. The simplification of hardware saves control electronics cost and improves the system reliability. The digital control has inherently improves the noise immunity which is particularly important because of large power switching transients in the converters.

 


 

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