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# Merits and Limitations of Straight line method/ Fixed instalment method / Original cost method

Accountancy : Depreciation Accounting

## Merits

Following are the merits of straight line method of depreciation:

### (a)  Simple and easy to understand

Computation of depreciation under this method is very simple and is easy to understand.

### (b)  Equality of depreciation burden

Under this method, equal amount of depreciation is debited to the profit and loss account each year. Hence, the burden of depreciation on the profit of each year is equal..

### (c)  Assets can be completely written off

Under this method, the book value of an asset can be reduced to zero if there is no scrap value or to the scrap value at the end of its useful life. Thus the asset account can be completely written off.

### (d)  Suitable for the assets having fixed working life

This method is appropriate for the fixed assets having certain fixed period of working life. In such cases, the estimation of useful life is easy and in turn it helps in easy determination of rate of depreciation.

## Limitations

Following are the limitations of straight line method of depreciation:

### (a)  Ignores the actual use of the asset

Under this method, a fixed amount of depreciation is provided on each asset by applying the predetermined rate of depreciation on its original cost. But, the actual use of the asset is not considered in computation of depreciation.

### (b)  Ignores the interest factor

This method does not take into account the loss of interest on the amount invested in the asset. That is, the amount would have earned interest, had it been invested outside the business is not considered.

### (c)  Total charge on the assets will be more when the asset becomes older

With the passage of time, the cost of maintenance of an asset goes up. Hence, the amount of depreciation and cost of maintenance put together is less in the initial period and goes up year after year. But, this method does not consider this.

### (d)  Difficulty in the determination of scrap value

It may be quite difficult to assess the true scrap value of the asset after a long period say 10 or 15 years after the date of its installation.

Tags : Merits, Limitations | Methods of providing depreciation | Accountancy , 11th Accountancy : Depreciation Accounting
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11th Accountancy : Depreciation Accounting : Merits and Limitations of Straight line method/ Fixed instalment method / Original cost method | Merits, Limitations | Methods of providing depreciation | Accountancy

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