Calculation of profit or loss on sale of asset
Sometimes, a business may sell an asset. In that case, the profit or loss on sale is to be calculated and accounted in the books. To find the profit or loss on sale of asset, the book value of the asset on the date of sale and the sale price are to be compared. Book value of the asset on the date of sale is calculated by subtracting the total depreciation provided on the asset from the date of its purchase or construction to the date of sale from the original cost of the asset. If the sale price is more than the book value of the asset, the difference is profit. On the other hand, if the book value of the asset is more than the sale price, the difference is loss.
Joy and Co. purchased machinery on 1st April 2016 for Rs. 75,000. On 31st March 2018, it sold the machinery for Rs. 62,000. Depreciation is to be provided every year at 10% per annum on the fixed instalment method. Accounts are closed on 31st March every year. Find out the profit or loss on sale of machinery.
Calculation of profit or loss on sale of machinery
On 1st April 2015, Kumar purchased a machine for Rs. 80,000 and spent Rs. 20,000 on its installation. The residual value at the end of its expected useful life of 8 years is estimated at Rs. 4,000. On 30th September 2017, the machine is sold for Rs. 50,000. Depreciation is to be provided according to straight line method. Prepare Machinery Account. Accounts are closed on 31st December every year.
Cost of the asset = Purchase price + Installation cost = 80,000 + 20,000 = Rs. 1,00,000
M/s Ramco textile mills purchased machinery on 1st April 2014 for Rs. 2,00,000 on credit from M/s. Nila & Co. and spent Rs. 10,000 on its installation. Depreciation is provided at 10% per annum on the written down value method. Prepare machinery account and depreciation account for the first three years. Books are closed on 31st March every year.
A company purchased machinery costing Rs. 90,000 on January1, 2015 and spent Rs. 10,000 on its erection. On July 1, 2017, the machinery was sold for Rs. 58,000. The company writes off depreciation at 20% p.a. under written down value method. Prepare machinery account. The books are closed on 31st December every year.
A Ltd., purchased a machine on 1st January 2014 for Rs. 60,000. On 1st July 2014, it purchased another machine for Rs. 50,000. On 1st July 2015, the company sold the machine purchased on 1st January 2014 for Rs. 40,000. It was decided that the machine be depreciated at 10% per annum on diminishing balance method. Show the machinery account for the years 2014 to 2016. The accounts are closed on December 31st, every year.
Asset purchased on 1.1.14: 60,000 x 10% = 6,000
Asset purchased on 1.7.14: 50,000 x 10%x6/12 = 2,500 Rs. 8,500
2. Computation of depreciation on the asset sold on 1.7.2015
Original cost on 1.1.2014 = 60,000
Less: Depreciation for 2014 (60,000 x 10%) = 6,000
Written down value on 1.1.2015 54,000
Less: Depreciation for 2015 upto 1.7.2015
(54,000 x 10%x6/12) = 2,700
Book value 51,300
Sale price 40,000
Loss on sale of asset 11,300
3. Depreciation for 2015 for the asset purchased on 1.7.2014
Original cost on 1.7.2014 = 50,000
Less: Depreciation for 2014 (50,000 x 10%x6/12) = 2,500
Written down value on 1.1.2015 47,500
Less: Depreciation for 2015 (47,500 x 10%) = 4,750