1.LONG WALL SYSTEM :
The main beam (or) load bearing wall are placed to the long axis of building . it is applied to the building with large prefabricated and similar to traditional brickwork . The longitudinal wall crosses the floor load must posses not only thermal .
2. How are roofing members in prefabricates classified ?
Ø Small roofing members.
Ø Large roofing members.
Ø Reinforced planks (or) ties .
Ø Light weight concrete roofing members .
Ø Small reinforced concrete roofing members .
Ø Purlins .
3. How are the prefabricated component classified ?
a) Based on the area (or ) size of prefabricates
. b) Based on weight of prefabricates .
c) Based on the
function . d) Based on
the shape .
e) Based on the material .
4.What are the space bordering ?
These members are used to give spaces like walls both load carrying and partition walls . this may (or ) may not contain doors and windows the provision for the same is as per the requirement . Another example for the space bordering member are floor slabs .
5. What is the meant by surface forming members ?
In the case of surface forming members, the load carrying and surface bordering are united and a uniform load carrying surface is found loaded by complex forces and economic shapes.
Example : Shell structures folded plates structures etc.
6. differentiate between synclastic and Anticlastic .
In the case the synclastic the curve of the shell in the same side (eg : hemispherical shell ) where as in the case of anticlastic the curvature of the shell is in opposite direction eg: hyperbolic shell (saddle shell ).
7. Write a short on dome structure .
A dome is a space structure covering a more (or ) less square (or ) irregular area . The best known example is the dome of revolution , and it is one of the earliest of the shell structure.
Excellent examples are still is existence that were built in Roman times .
8. Define shear wall .
These are simple type and these shear walls under forces and horizontal shear along its length are subjected to bending and shear walls.
To resist these forces , the uniform distribution of steel along its length is used in simple shear
9. Different classification of shear walls .
1)Plain rectangular shear wall
2)Bar bell type .
3)Framed shear wall .
4)Coupled shear wall.
5)Care type .
10). What is ring system ?
# Load bearing walls and beams are placed in both ways longitudinally and transversely . In the building with ring system of support floors are normally supported on all four edges and span is two direction .
In skeleton construction these floors are placed directly on columns .