IMPORTANCE OF DIET COUNSELLING AND PATIENT EDUCATION
The major objective of dietary counselling is to educate the patient
regarding the nature of the disease, its hazards, how a disease can be
recognized and prevented. It is essential to advice the patient on personal
hygiene, individual instructions on diet and any specific therapy needed.
Diet counselling makes the patient aware of the fact that diet plays an
important role in the treatment of the disease. With today's emphasis on
prevention of disease, diet counselling helps to reduce the risk of some
illness by appropriate counselling.
counselling is effective when the counsellor assists the patient in setting
realistic goals and provides the necessary guidance in menu planning, food
purchasing and preparation.
Review medical record before counselling.
2. Provide a comfortable setting - undivided attention of the counsellor is
Set a time in advance.
4. Counsellor should introduce herself and address the patient by name.
Listen effectively - eye to eye contact is
6.note feelings and tone of voice
8.Interrupt only when clarification is needed
Ask open ended questions.
Do not express approval or disapproval till data
gathering is complete.
Avoid using medical terms and be prepared to
Set Realistic objectives.
Prepare an individualized written dietary plan
with the patient.
Give the patient opportunity to ask questions.
Bring the counselling session to a close. If
follow up is needed set a time for next appointment.