Functions of Modern State
The modern State is a developed State. The State
should strive to keep its people secure and safe. The State should ensure that
its borders are sealed and protected. The market needs to be integrated into
the society by a well-knit macroeconomic structure. ‘Citizen first’ should be
the motto of all the activities of the State. The sole principle of governance
of modern State is whether the action of the State leads to the promotion of
the welfare of its people. Accordingly, the State engages itself as a provider
of essential services.
It is largely accepted that the
modern State focuses on three main functions.
The States of today’s world
consider the meaning of security from multiple standpoints. Terms like Human
Security have emerged to put citizens first. Inspired by the philosopher
Immanuel Kant’s idea of perpetual peace, the States of the world came together
as ‘league of nations’ and later as the ‘United Nations Organisation and have
been debating the terms security and defence in terms of promoting peace.
The modern state is supposed to intervene in the
economic functions of the political system. The State needs to support the
people, make them realize their potential for their betterment. Try
understanding what Martha Nusbaum explain about ‘capabilities’ and what does
Nobel Laureate Amartya Sen’s ideas on ‘capability approach’. Protecting
consumers, weaker sections, investing in areas where there is no profit are
those included in the economic functions of the modern state.
From ‘cradle to grave’ modern state is supposed to
care for its citizens. The fundamental needs such as food, clean drinking
water, providing education, healthcare, and social security for the population
are the responsibilities of the modern state. You can find the number of
schemes and projects of Government of India and the various state governments
to be in this direction. The noon meal scheme and the nutrition’s meal schemes
in all Government schools initiated by the Government of Tamil Nadu and adopted
in different parts of the country is one such example.
The modern State strived for the
welfare of its people and hence another concept came into existence called