Food pyramid is a visual tool that is used as
a guide in designing diet. It is developed as a guide to provide a frame work
for the types and amounts of food that can be eaten in combination to provide a
The Indian adaption of the food pyramid is
divided into four levels of foods according to recommended consumption.
Cereals, legumes / beans, dairy prod-ucts at the base should be
eaten in suf-ficient quantity.
Vegetables and fruits on the second level should be eaten
Animal source foods and oils on the third level to be eaten
At the apex highly processed foods that are high in sugar and
fat are to be eaten sparingly.
One peculiarity of the Indian adaptation of
the food pyramid is the recommendation to do regular physical activity. The
pyramid provides information on the food types and amount necessary to meet
daily dietary requirements. Each food group is represented by a band or level.
Narrow bands at the apex indicate lower quanti-ties, while wider bands at the
base means that more from that food group needs to be consumed.
Most important is to include 2 to 3 litre of
water each day as it’s the most important nutrient of all, accounting for 70%
of our body weight and also helping in the upkeep of our health.
It is very important that an indi-vidual
incorporates the principles of good nutrition such as variety, a balanced
intake of nutrients and moderation. The best way to meet the daily requirements
is to eat a diet that combines cereals, fruits, vegeta-bles, meat, fish,
poultry legumes and dairy products. Eating a variety of foods daily as guided by
the “Food Pyramid” will help to provide all the nutrients needed by the body.