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# Electric Power

In general, power is defined as the rate of doing work or rate of spending energy. Similarly, the electric power is defined as the rate of consumption of electrical energy. It represents the rate at which the electrical energy is converted into some other form of energy.

ELECTRIC POWER

In general, power is defined as the rate of doing work or rate of spending energy. Similarly, the electric power is defined as the rate of consumption of electrical energy. It represents the rate at which the electrical energy is converted into some other form of energy.

Suppose a current ŌĆśIŌĆÖ flows through a conductor of resistance ŌĆśRŌĆÖ for a time ŌĆśtŌĆÖ, then the potential difference across the two ends of the conductor is ŌĆśVŌĆÖ. The work done ŌĆśWŌĆÖ to move the charge across the ends of the conductor is given by the equation (4.19) as follows:

W = VIt,

Power P = Work / Time = VIt/t P = V I        (4.21)

Thus, the electric power is the product of the electric current and the potential difference due to which the current passes in a circuit.

## 1. Unit of Electric Power

The SI unit of electric power is watt. When a current of 1 ampere passes across the ends of a conductor, which is at a potential difference of 1 volt, then the electric power is

P = 1 volt ├Ś 1 ampere = 1 watt  Thus, one watt is the power consumed when an electric device is operated at a potential difference of one volt and it carries a current of one ampere. A larger unit of power, which is more commonly used is kilowatt.

## 2. Consumption of electricalenergy

Electricity is consumed both in houses and industries. Consumption of electricity is based on two factors: (i) Amount of electric power and (ii) Duration of usage. Electrical energy consumed is taken as the product of electric power and time of usage. For example, if 100 watt of electric power is consumed for two hours, then the power consumed is 100 ├Ś 2 = 200 watt hour. Consumption of electrical energy is measured and expressed in watt hour, though its SI unit is watt second. In practice, a larger unit of electrical energy is needed. This larger unit is kilowatt hour (kWh) . One kilowatt hour is otherwise known as one unit of electrical energy. One kilowatt hour means that an electric power of 1000 watt has been utilized for an hour. Hence,

1 kWh = 1000 watt hour = 1000 ├Ś (60 ├Ś 60) watt second = 3.6 ├Ś 106 J

Tags : Definition, Formula, Unit, Consumption , 10th Science : Chapter 4 : Electricity
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10th Science : Chapter 4 : Electricity : Electric Power | Definition, Formula, Unit, Consumption