Bland diet is given for ulcer patients. Bland diet is a diet which is mechanically,
chemically and thermally non-irritating.
Mechanically irritating foods include those with
indigestible carbohydrate such as whole grains, raw fruits and vegetables.
Foods that stimulate gastric secretion are chemically irritating foods
and these include meat extractives, caffeine, alcohol, spices.
Thermally irritating foods are those foods
served either very hot or iced.
The diet must be nutritionally adequate in order to correct any
preexisting deficiencies and to promote healing. This must be based on
individual needs and food tolerances.
Milk should be included as protein provides the
necessary amino acids for synthesis of tissue protein to heal the ulcer.
Moderate amounts of fat help to suppress gastric
Fried foods are not advised as they are
difficult to digest and aggravate the symptoms.
Ascorbic acid helps in wound healing; hence
citrus fruit juice and tomato juice can be given.
Whether a patient is on bland or regular diet, a
balanced diet should be taken.
Regularity of meal times is essential. Small
frequent meals are beneficial.
Instead of heavy meals moderate amounts of foods
should be eaten.
In between meals, protein rich snacks should be
Meals should be eaten in a relaxed atmosphere. Personal
and family problems should be forgotten while eating.
Food should be eaten slowly and chewed well.
Fast eating provokes gastric feeding reflex.
Smoking, drinking coffee and alcohol should be
avoided particularly on an empty stomach.
Adequate physical and mental rest is basic.