Definition of Political Parties
Political parties are indispensable instruments in
a democratic system. They are formed with definite ideologies, and programme of
action. They enlighten the general public on issues concerning the society and
state and they also prescribe alternatives. Through propaganda they educate
people on political issues and garner their support for their policies and programme.
In legislative bodies they represent organized opinion of the voters. In
parliamentary democracies the party or an alliance of parties can win a
majority of seats in legislature and forms the ministry (executive) examples:
UK, India. In presidential democracies, the chief executives (president) are
elected on party basis (USA, France). In any system political parties function
as intermediaries between the government and people.
There is consistent competition between the various
political parties and this competition ensures the mature functioning of a