Merits and Demerits of co-operative housing
the history of co-operating housing movement in India is traced in the year
1912. This was seen that the co-operative act was formed.
Bombay took the first initiative in this movement and the first co-operative housing society known as 'saraswat co-operative'. This was registered based on the co-partnership system in Mumbai in 1915. Later the other states adopted the idea of housing society. Number of housing society is largest in maharashtra about 5031, in Gujarat about 3661. This two states account for more than half of total number of societies about 13879 in the country.
Co-operative Housing Soceity
A group of house seeking persons combained and form legal body is known as a co-opertive housing society. The society is registered on the co-operative act and works within the rules and regulations imposed and framed by its member. Its working is examined and supervised by government department. The houses constructed through housing society are generally good, decent within the financial limit. The services and facilities provided are better and lead to indirect benefits such as improved hygiene, health and education, etc. mainly the low income people are benefited mostly by their societies.
Objectives of Slum Clearance
Express any tow basic concepts on which slum housing programs are formulated. (May/June 2007)
To bring down the disparity difference in the living standards of the people of various places
To prevent the occurrence of epidemics in the town/city
To provide the obsolute basic minimum standard of essential amenities for healthy living
to remove the ugly spots/slums from the may of town/city
Methods of Slum Clearance
Compare, in a tabular statement, contents and standards of any four slum housing programs implemented in Tamil Nadu. (May/June 2007)
1) Complete Removal Method
In this method badly constructed house re completely demolished and those which are really good are retained. The open spaces are used for road widening, providing the recreation, building of new houses of approval standards.
Permanent remedy for the slum people
Good health condition is maintained
Good living environment is created
The people are to be provided an alternative housing facility
The following points are important when the slum clearance is done
The degree of public health hazards involved
An economic potential of the land should be maintain
2) Improvement Method
Certain slum areas in which poor drainage arrangement and insanitary environment are present cannot be demolished. They can be improved by filling of low ground, modification drainage arrangement, removal of unwanted structure.
Minimum expenditure is involved
The people can live in the same area
The improvement/modification is required often
The people are disturbed when improvement is done frequently