Merits and Demerits of co-operative
history of co-operating housing movement in India is traced in the year
This was seen that the co-operative act was formed.
took the first initiative in this movement and the first co-operative housing
society known as 'saraswat co-operative'. This was registered based on the
co-partnership system in Mumbai in 1915. Later the other states adopted the
idea of housing society. Number of housing society is largest in maharashtra
about 5031, in Gujarat about 3661. This two states account for more than half
of total number of societies about 13879 in the country.
Co-operative Housing Soceity
of house seeking persons combained and form legal body is known as a
co-opertive housing society. The society is registered on the co-operative act
and works within the rules and regulations imposed and framed by its member.
Its working is examined and supervised by government department. The houses
constructed through housing society are generally good, decent within the
financial limit. The services and facilities provided are better and lead to
indirect benefits such as improved hygiene, health and education, etc. mainly
the low income people are benefited mostly by their societies.
Objectives of Slum Clearance
Express any tow basic concepts on
which slum housing programs are formulated. (May/June 2007)
down the disparity difference in the living standards of the people of various
prevent the occurrence of epidemics in the town/city
the obsolute basic minimum standard of essential amenities for healthy living
the ugly spots/slums from the may of town/city
Methods of Slum Clearance
Compare, in a tabular statement, contents and
standards of any four slum housing programs implemented in Tamil Nadu.
1) Complete Removal Method
method badly constructed house re completely demolished and those which are
really good are retained. The open spaces are used for road widening, providing
the recreation, building of new houses of approval standards.
remedy for the slum people
health condition is maintained
living environment is created
people are to be provided an alternative housing facility
following points are important when the slum clearance is done
degree of public health hazards involved
economic potential of the land should be maintain
2) Improvement Method
slum areas in which poor drainage arrangement and insanitary environment are
present cannot be demolished. They can be improved by filling of low ground,
modification drainage arrangement, removal of unwanted structure.
expenditure is involved
people can live in the same area
improvement/modification is required often
people are disturbed when improvement is done frequently