Modern building / planning
Modern buildings are planned for specific purpose by giving consideration for site, climate, character and style. The Planning of housing schemes shall follow the existing laws and principles applicable to a wide variety of buildings. Based on creativity of an architect or an engineer those laws and principles within the frame work can be developed. The major factors considered for the planning concept of housing schemes or such as aspect, roominess, flexibility, grouping, privacy, elegance.
The natural sunshine, wind and scenery should be utilized for comfort, hygiene and cheerfulness to the uses of buildings or housing schemes. The room which receives air and light from a particular direction then it is said to have aspect of that direction. For eg. A kitchen should have an eastern side aspect so that the morning sun would refresh, purify the air and remains cool in the later part of they day. The living room may have southern or south eastern aspect while the bedrooms have west or southwest aspect.
Roominess is defined as the method of getting maximum benefit that is derived from minimum possible dimension of the room. For example square room of size 3.6X3.6m, a table of size 1.2X1.2m is kept for a purpose. Here only a little space is available around the table. In a rectangular room of size 4X3.2m the same 1.2X1.2m is kept. In this case in the same area of room we have more space for additional use or utilization such as shelves or keeping other things, etc. it is advisable to have a length to breadth of rooms proportionate in the ratio 1:5:1 to 2:1.
Flexibility means use of space for any required purpose conveniently or with alignment. For Ex.
1) Separating the living room and dining hall with removable partition like aluminum panels, wooden panels, and prefabricated wall panels.
2) Constructing the house in front of the site and leaving sufficient space in the backside for future extension of house.
Grouping is defined as maintaining the relationship between the spaces of rooms at the planning stage itself. For eg planning thr during room near to the kitchen. So the cooked item can be easy access towards sanitary units. Location of
store room near kitchen leads to easy access. Similarly administrative section and office are grouped together. Similarly production the quality control, storage and dispatch section is grouped near to each other.
Privacy means the nature of free feeling of usage of space. These are of two types. Privacy is ensured by carefully planning the entrance, passage, pathways, etc. in case of housing scheme, the privacy should be ensured by providing all the facilities separately to all the house sites.
(a) Internal privacy:
It means the internal parts of the building have the required privacy from the other part/other rooms.
(b) External privacy:
It means the provision of the potigo, garden, open space, public streets, roads and neighboring buildings.
It is the effect produce by the elevation of the buildings and the general layout of the housing scheme. Symmetry gives elegance always. The elegance depends on the character and purpose of the buildings. The elegance incase of housing schemes is brought out by the wider roads and streets, the required proportionate size (length and breadth) of site/plot.