Explaing the context, objectives and contents of Sits and Services. (May/June 2006, May/June 2007)
Make a comparative study of neighborhood and site and services programmes with reference to their contents and standards. (Apr./May 2007)
It is defined as the analysis of the site in all respects before the construction is started. Normally trial pits are taken at various places of the site to know the different kinds of soil and its characteristics. Based on the soil available, a particular type of foundation is adopted. The hard stratum of soil on which the foundation is adopted. The hard stratum of soil on which the foundation is laid is checked for its bearing capacity. The bearing capacity of soil is tested at the side by conducting a plate load test. Similarly the site on which the construction is developed is checked for the facilities like water supply, drainage, transport and communication facilities.
The site should not be a place where, the waste materials are dumped.
The site should not be water logged area, i.e., during the rainy season the water should not be stagned on its surface. Similarly the rain water nearby areas should not enter to the site or flow the site to the nearby places. The site selected for construction should be free from air pollution, sound and water pollution. The site should have the accessibility to all nearby places for all its development. The site should not be located nearer to quarries (rock quarries) and industries.
SITES AND SERVICES
Define the concept of site and Services.(Apr/May 2005)
These are the facilities provided to a site before a particular construction is made. The services to be provided for sites are called sites and services. These services are also called public utility services. The services included the following.
Educational institutions (near by availability)
Water supply and Power supply (electricity)
Hospitals and health centre's
Local industrial units
Markets and shopping centers
Public transport facilities
Roads and street services
Refuse or waste disposal
Strom water drainage
Provisions of shops/ stores
Communications/telephone lines and facilities