Action of Disinfectants
Disinfectants act in many ways as discussed below.
1. They produce damage to the cell wall and alter permeabil-ity of the cell membrane, resulting in exposure, damage, or loss of the cellular contents.
2. They alter proteins and form protein salts or cause coagu-lation of proteins.
3. They inhibit enzyme action and inhibit nucleic acid syn-thesis or alter nucleic acid molecules.
4. They cause oxidation or hydrolysis.