Home | | zoology | | zoology | Herring - Breuer reflex

Chapter: 11th 12th standard bio zoology Human Body higher secondary school

| Study Material, Lecturing Notes, Assignment, Reference, Wiki description explanation, brief detail |

Herring - Breuer reflex

Herring - Breuer reflex
When the alveoli are stretched at the height of inspiration the receptors send stimuli to the expiratory center of the medulla through the vagus nerve which inhibits further inspiration. This sequence of events is called Herring - Breuer reflex.

Herring - Breuer reflex

 

In the brain the medulla oblongata contains a respiratory center. This controls breathing. The respiratory center consists of an inspiratory center and an expiratory center. The axons from the nerve cells of these centres lead to the intercostals muscle through the intercostals nerves and the diaphragm via the phrenic nerves. These nerve fibres transmit impulses to the external intercostal muscles and internal intercostal muscles alternately. The walls of the alveoli have sense endings which are stimulated by changes in the tension of alveolar walls.

When the alveoli are stretched at the height of inspiration the receptors send stimuli to the expiratory center of the medulla through the vagus nerve which inhibits further inspiration. This sequence of events is called Herring - Breuer reflex.

 

In addition the medulla contains a pneumotaxic center which is connected to the breathing centre and helps to ensure rhythmic breathing. During inspiration, the inspiratory part of the respiratory center sends impulses to the pneumotaxic center which responds by sending impulses to the expiratory part of the respiratory center. The expiratory center is then activated and so the inspiratory center is inhibited reflexly, respiratory rhythm is controlled in this manner by these centers in the brain.

 

Pneumonia :

 

Inflammation of the lungs due to infection is called pneumonia. Pneumonia is caused by viruses or bacteria.Viral pneumonia is due to adenovirus, respiratory syncytial virus or a coxsackie virus. The most common bacterial pneumonia is Pneumococcal pneumonia. Pneumonia may also be caused by a mycoplasma (an organism that is intermediate between a bacterium and a virus)

 

Symptoms and Signs : Symptoms and signs include fever, chills, shortness of breath and a cough that produces yellow - green sputum and occasionally blood.

 

Treatment : The drugs prescribed depend on the causative microorganism. They may include antibiotic drugs or antifungal drugs. Aspirin or paracetamol may be given to reduce fever. Oxygen therapy and artificial ventilation may be required.

Study Material, Lecturing Notes, Assignment, Reference, Wiki description explanation, brief detail


Copyright © 2018-2020 BrainKart.com; All Rights Reserved. Developed by Therithal info, Chennai.