a. Read the following words taken from the story. Give two synonyms and one antonym for each of these words. Use a dictionary, if required.
You have already learnt that homophones are words that sound alike but are different in spelling and meaning. E.g. feet – feat / face – phase / sort – sought / hair – heir/
What are confusables?
Confusables /confusibles are words that are commonly confused with one another in meaning or usage because of slight similarities in spelling, pronunciation or meaning. e.g. moment – movement / except – expect / human – humane / discover–invent
a) emigrate - immigrate
emigrate – to move out of
immigrate – to move into
My Grandfather emigrated from
India to immigrate to USA.
b) beside - besides
Besides watching the folk dance, he was standing beside his car.
c) judicial - judicious
One should be judicious in judicial matters.
d) eligible - illegible
The eligible condidates are
not selected for their illegible handwriting.
e) conscience - conscious
The people who have conscience are conscious of many ideas.
f) industrial - industrious
An industrial area has industrious people.
g) eminent - imminent
Sentence: The most eminent scientist in the world has been warning about the imminent danger of nuclear war.
h) illicit - elicit
The police tried to elicit information
from the bootlegger who sold illicit liquor.
i) prescribed - proscribed
The book which has been
prescribed for the B.A class has been
proscribed for containing some remarks against a particular
j) affect - effect
The effects of new pension
scheme will affect the future of the
k) aural - oral
The teacher gave an aural test
by oral in the class yesterday.
l) born - borne
Many diseases are born by
flies which can easily borne.
cut off – remove
The government cut off the old
come upon – to meet some one (or) to find something by chance.
We turned a corner and we came upon
an old man.
put out – extinguish (or) to stop fire
Mahesh put the light out and went to sleep.
draw up – come to a halt (or) stop
A car drew up beside us.
pass out – faint
Due to low pressure, he passed out on
take off – start
The helicopter takes off at 10 AM.
turn away – oppose (or) resist
The people turned away the Hydro
stand by – support
Don’t worry, I will stand by you.
bank on – rely (or) confidently
The Prime Minister cannot bank on
the opposite party’s support.