DRAFTING A SPEECH
You learnt the art of drafting a speech in Class XI. It requires a few basic steps such as greeting the audience, introducing the topic, elaborating the main points, summarizing the views and thanking the audience.
Given below is a template for drafting a speech.
a) Greet the audience
Formal greeting – Good Morning / Good Afternoon / Good Evening
b) Introduce yourself and the topic to the audience
I , ( name) of class would like to deliver a short speech on (topic).
a) Elaborate the main and supporting points
Suggested value points (E.g. Global Warming)
· Definition of the title ( What is global warming?)
· Importance and relevance of the topic. (Why is global warming important? What is the relevance of global warming in the present scenario?)
· Causes and consequences
· Preventive measures (planting trees / conserving fuel by using alternative energy sources)
· Solutions (change in life style and attitude / global effort of people and the government)
· Summarise the main points
· Appropriate winding up and thanking the audience ( formal – thank you for the patient hearing / thank you for the wonderful opportunity)
· Like wise, correspondingly, equally, not only... but also, in the same way, similarly
Showing cause and effect
· Consequently, as a result, thus, therefore, for this reason
Comparing and contrasting
· Alternatively, however, conversely, on the other hand, instead, yet
· To summarise, it can be concluded that, ultimately, as described, finally
· Suggested value points
Pollution control – Medicine – Necessary for wildlife – Cause rainfall
IMPORTANCE OF TREE PLANTING
Good morning to one and all. I, Suresh of class XI
would like to deliver a short speech on the importance of tree planting.
Trees contribute our environment by providing Oxygen,
improving air quality, changing climate, conserving water, preserving soil, and
supporting wildlife. During the process of photosynthesis, trees take in
carbon-di-oxide and produce the oxygen that we breath. Therefore trees are
vital. It also stabilizes the soil, and give life to the world’s wildlife. They
also provide us with the materials for tools and shelter. Trees also help to
save water and prevent water pollution. Trees can become a great renewable
source of energy and an excellent eco-friendly fuel. They reduce soil erosion,
increase fertility and help soil to obtain moisture. Trees provide shadow to
houses and streets. Plantation of trees is important as they improve the life
and fulfil essential needs of mankind. Trees provide food for birds and wildlife.
Trees also help to prevent flooding. Leaves of some trees are used as
If we plant more trees, we can get more rainfall. So
we have to plant trees and protect them for the future. Trees are like the
lungs of the planet. Trees also help to maintain ozone level in urban area.
Planting trees can also help cool your home in the summer. As a result we as
humans can play an active role in planting trees to help offset deforestation
and urbanization. I thank you for giving an opportunity to speak in front of
Prepare a speech on “The importance of a reading habit” in about 100–150 words using the hints given below together with your own ideas.
· Suggested value points
Knowledge enrichment – Skill development – Meaningful usage of time – Overall development
IMPORTANCE OF A READING HABIT
Good evening to all. Now I am going to speak about the
of a reading habit. Reading is one of the most fundamental skills.
A child needs to learn to succeed in life.
Good reading habit is a boon for a person. Good
reading habit makes us wise and enhance our intellect. Those who have a habit
of reading do not ever feel lonely. In addition to, reading books also help in
enhancing the knowledge and helps boost their confidence. Reading helps in
developing a person’s imagination and creative power. It also enhances the
power of concentration. It certainly enhances the knowledge. Reading is indeed
one of the best ways to enrich our vocabulary. Students who read newspaper,
magazines, stories, novels, and fictions help in gaining more knowledge. Thus
good reading habit helps in the all round development of the students. It helps
in diverting the mind towards positivity. Overall development means personality
development. Reading not only helps in enhancing knowledge, and vocabulary but
also builds the imagination and improve the listening writing skills, and
memorizing skills. So it helps us to utilize the time in a proper way.
It provides stronger analytical thinking skills. So we
can visit our local library where have books on every subject. Reading a good
book is the perfect way to reduce stress, and have a quiet, peaceful time. Last
but not least, having a reading habit is much better than having other random habits.
As Francis Bacon says “Reading maketh a complete man”, everyone should be a
complete man. Thank you!