The World between Two World Wars
To acquaint ourselves with
• The post-World War I developments leading to the Great
• The unjust provisions of Treaty of Versailles and the rise of
fascist governments led by Mussolini in Italy and Hitler in Germany.
• Anti-colonial struggles and the decolonisation process in the
colonized world: Case Studies of Indo-French in South-East Asia and India in
• European Colonisation in Africa – The case of Britain in South
• Independence struggles and political developments in South
World War shattered the global capitalist system based on European imperialism.
The European powers were gravely weakened by the War, financially and
politically. The conflict between the workers and the ruling classes that
controlled the government became intense. As a result of this Fascism emerged
in Italy and Germany. Anti-colonial struggles got intensified as the colonial
powers were weakened by the War.
As we saw
in the last chapter, the crisis in the Western world had led to the outbreak of
World War I. We now turn to the social and political developments in the world
after the end of the War.