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Unit - 7
▶To trace the evolution of the Judicial system
▶To understand the hierarchical structure of the Indian judiciary
▶To explain the Jurisdiction of Supreme court, High Court and Subordinate Courts
▶To understand the need for the independent Judiciary
▶To know the differences between Civil Law and Criminal Law
"The excellence of the judiciary is a measure of the excellence of the government."
The judicial system of a country needs to be efficient in order to ensure proper justice to all. India has a single unified and integrated judicial system. Judiciary plays an important role as an organ of the government. It administers justice, settles disputes, interprets laws, protects fundamental rights and acts as guardian of the Constitution.
Law: It is a system of rules imposed through a government or institution to govern people.
Judiciary: In law, the Judiciary or Judicial system is the system of courts which administers Justice in the name of the State.
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