Supreme Court of India
This is the highest court of India and is located in New Delhi. According to the Constitution of India, the Supreme Court is the guardian of the Constitution and the highest Court of appeal.
Jurisdiction of Supreme Court
a. Original Jurisdiction: The Supreme Court can hear dispute for the first time in that court only. It is mainly concerned disputes between the Union and one or more states and between two or more states.
b. Appellate Jurisdiction: It can hear appeals against the decisions made by the High Court on the granting of certificate by the High Court.
c. Advisory Jurisdiction: The Court can report to the President its opinion about a question of the public importance referred to it by the President.
d. Writs Jurisdiction: The Writs are issued by the Supreme Court under Article 32 and by the High Courts under Article 226 of the Constitution of India.
e. Court of Record: It maintains records of the court proceedings and its decisions are finding upon the lower courts.
f. Special Powers: It supervises the functioning of the lower courts.