The Litigation Process
There are two different types of legal sections in India: Civil and Criminal
This is the highest court in the states. Every state in India has a High Court. Two or three states may have a common High Court. For example Punjab, Haryana and Chandigarh is having one High Court. It has original, Appellate and Writs Jurisdiction. Below the High Court there are a Subordinate courts in the States.
• It deals with disputes over money property and social matters.
Eg. Disputes relating to land, rent, marriage dispute etc.,
• A petition has to be filed before the relevant court by the affected parties.
• Sentences awarded in the form of money remuneration and as per the petitioner’s claim.
• It deals with conducts or acts that the law defines as offences.
Eg. Theft, murder, women harassment etc.,
• It usually begins with lodging of an FIR (First Information Report) with police investigation after which a case is filed in the court.
• Punishment is awarded if proven guilty, the accused is sent to jail.