Symptoms of Schizophrenia:
The following can be said to be symptomatic conditions of Schizophrenia and they are certainly to be found in all patients.
A Emotional disorganization:
Patients of these diseases are found to be indifferent to all pleasure and pain because emotionally they are disorganized. This indifference is directed not only towards others but also towards oneself to one' s own physical needs. Due to this patient plays no attention to his diet and continually grows weaker.
B Extreme introversion:
Due to his or her indifference the patient pays no attention to his surroundings or to those who occupy the surroundings. He or she does not take any interest in them.
Contradictory and disorganized emotional reactions:
The patient is capable of appearing saddened on joyous occasions and deliberately delighted on occasion demanding sorrow. In fact all his reactions to pain and pleasure are the vary contradiction of the normal people to such conditions. He can be seen crying, shouting, laughing etc without any specific cause. Blemless has even mentioned the case of a woman, who sheds tears while she was laughing.
The patient is invariably in the grip of one or the other delusion, but when his condition improves the delusion is dispelled. Among all the delusions found in connection with this disease, the most popular is the delusion of persecution. The patient feels that the other people are criticising him and that some external force are being brought to bear upon him. Even though delusion is irrational and disjoined, he has complete faith in its actuality.
The patient experiences differential hallucination from time to time, the most usual of it is auditory nature. These delusions are normally of painful kind. He feels that some one is threatening him or her; he consequently takes of his clothes to prepare for physical combat. But other patients have pleasurable auditory sensation of a hallucinatory kind while some other patients have visual hallucinations in which they are visited by God, their dead ancestors and some saint.
Some times while asleep the patient also experiences certain kinesthetic hallucination in which he often suspects that some one wants to put an end to his patient' s life. Similarly olfactory and gustatory hallucinations are also known to occur.
E Mental depreciation:
The patient also evinces signs of decline in his mental powers and abilities such as memory, abstract thinking, motor ability, education etc. But there is no depreciation in the ability to use words.
F Linguistic disorganization:
The patient talks a lot and also talks well but what he says does not make much sense. There is much recollection and disorganization in it. Some patient almost become dumb due to their indifference or to their delusions and they are seen to mutter to themselves. But these patients also create new words that are meaningless, illogical and ridiculous.
G. Disorganisation of literal expression:
The patient lacks organization and sense, in his or her writing. The disorganization concerns, not only the sense but also grammatical contention.
H Disorganised thinking:
In a patient suffering from schizophrenia, the ability to think is impaired thinking is disorganised and unsystematic. As it has been pointed out earlier the patient' s ability to abstract thinking is considerably damaged, hence the patient thinks in concrete terms, but even in this he reaches the most illogical and wrong conclusions.
I Weakness of present memory:
The patient recollects incidents of past life, but due to indifference and other causes, his memory considering incidents of immediate life is weakened. But he himself is not conscious of this weakening of the power to recollect.