Subject Matter of International Economics
The subject matter of International Economics includes large number of segments which are classified into the following parts.
This component explains the causes for foreign trade, composition, direction and volume of trade, determination of the terms of trade and exchange rate, issues related to balance of trade and balance of payments.
Under this part, policy issues such as free trade vs. protection, methods of regulating trade, capital and technology flows, use of taxation, subsidies and dumping, exchange control and convertibility, foreign aid, external borrowings and foreign direct investment, measures of correcting disequilibrium in the balance of payments etc are covered.
This part deals with the economic integration in the form of international cartels, customs unions, monetary unions, trade blocs, economic unions and the like.
It also discusses the operation of Multi National Corporations (MNCs).
The financial institutions like International Monetary Fund IMF, IBRD, WTO etc which influence international economic transactions and relations shall also be the part of international economics.