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Spring Constant of a Spring

To determine the spring constant of a spring by using the method of vertical oscillations

SPRING CONSTANT OF A SPRING

AIM

To determine the spring constant of a spring by using the method of vertical oscillations

APPARATUS REQUIRED

Spring, rigid support, hook, 50 g mass hanger, 50 g slotted masses, stop clock, metre scale, pointer

FORMULA

Spring constant of the spring k

where

M1, M2 → selected loads in kg

T1, T2 → time period corresponding to masses M1 and M2 respectively in second

PROCEDURE

·           A spring is firmly suspended vertically from a rigid clamp of a wooden stand at its upper end with a mass hanger attached to its lower end. A pointer fixed at the lower end of the spring moves over a vertical scale fixed.

·         A suitable load M (eg; 100 g ) is added to the mass hanger and the reading on the scale at which the pointer comes to rest is noted. This is the equilibrium position.

·         The mass in the hanger is pulled downward and released so that the spring oscillates vertically on either side of the equilibrium position.

·         When the pointer crosses the equilibrium position a stop clock is started and the time taken for 10 vertical oscillations is noted. Then the period of oscillation T is calculated.

·         The experiment is repeated by adding masses in steps of 50 g to the mass hanger and period of oscillation at each time is calculated.

·         For the masses M1 and M2 ( with a difference of 50 g ), if T1 and T2 are the corresponding periods, then the value M2 – M1 / T22 – T12 is calculated and its average is found.

·         Using the given formula the spring constant of the given spring is calculated.

CALCULATION

Spring constant of the spring k

RESULT

The spring constant of the given spring k = . . . . . . . . . . . . kg s-2

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11th Physics : Practical Experiment : Spring Constant of a Spring | Physics Laboratory Practical Experiment