Salary and commission to partners
In some firms, remuneration may be allowed to the partners in the form of salary or commission for the contribution of the partners to the firm in the form of sharing skill and expertise, managerial work done, etc. In such cases, it must be specifically mentioned in the partnership deed. The following are the journal entries to be passed in the books:
Tutorial note: Partners are entitled to remuneration only if there is a profit in the firm. Hence, Profit and loss appropriation account is debited. As the remuneration is due to the partners, capital/current account of partners is credited.
Commission to partners may be allowed as a percentage of net profit before charging such commission or as a percentage of net profit after charging such commission. In such cases, commission is calculated as below:
(i) Commission as a percentage of net profit before charging such commission=
(ii) Commission as a percentage of net profit after charging such commission=
Syed, Samuel and Sudhakar are partners in a firm sharing profits and losses equally. As per the terms of the partnership deed, Samuel is allowed a monthly salary of ₹ 2,000 and Sudhakar is allowed a commission of ₹ 6,000 per annum for their contribution to the business of the firm. You are required to pass the necessary journal entry. Assume that their capitals are fluctuating.
Salary to Samuel = 2,000 x 12 = ₹ 24,000
Commission to Sudhahar = ₹ 6,000
Murali and Sethu are partners in a firm. Murali is to get a commission of 10% of net profit before charging any commission. Sethu is to get a commission of 10% on net profit after charging all commission. Net profit for the year ended 31st March 2019 before charging any commission was ₹ 1,10,000. Find the amount of commission due to Murali and Sethu.
Calculation of commission:
Commission to Murali:
= Net profit before commission × % of commission / 100
= 1,10,000 × 10/100 = ₹ 11,000
Commission to Sethu:
Net profit after Murali’s commission = 1,10,000 –11,000 = ₹ 99,000
Sethu’s commission = Net profit after Murali’s commission × [ % of commission / (100 + % of commission) ]
= 99,000 × 10/(100+10) = ₹ 9,000