Role of nutrition in maintaining health
Nutrition is a basic element of health. Nutrition influence the
health from birth to death.
Good nutrition is
essential for attainment of normal growth and development during fetal life and
childhood. Physical growth, intellectual development, learning and behavior are
affected by malnutrition.
Adequate nutrition is
needed for adult life maintenance for optimum health and efficiency.
Elder people needs
special nutrition due to their physiological and chronological changes.
Pregnant and lactating mothers require more proteins and nutrients to prevent
abortion, growth retardation and low birth weight babies and provide adequate
breast feeding for their babies.
The most common
deficiencies find in Indians are Protein energy malnutrition, blindness,
goiter, anemia, beriberi, rickets etc. There is increased incidence of
abortion, prematurity, still birth and low birth weight babies in malnourished
Hence, good nutrition is
essential to prevent nutritional deficiency diseases, promotion of health and
treatment of deficiency diseases.
A well balanced
nutrition prevents infections like tuberculosis. Good nutrition enhances wound
healing. Improves resistance of an individual towards infections.
Malnutrition leads to
increased death rate, infant mortality rate, still births and premature
deliveries. Prematurity is the major cause of deaths.
causes diseases like
Obesity, diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular and renal diseases
and causes death.