Qualities and functions of a public
Nursing differs from other
professions its humanitarian aspects. The nurse first has interest in people,
and in understanding human behaviour , has concern over human and ability to
empathize are basic qualities required of a nurse.
A good nurse has a friendly
disposition, earnest, charitable, resourceful, operative and takes
responsibility with native. Minimum essential skills of a nurse are
observation, communication, leaving besides supportive and essential skills.
She must have abilities to like interpretations, make judgments and take
Nursing calls for a pleasure of self-discipline not only of
lotions but of other aspects of behaviour and action. The community nurse must
be prepared to play a much wider role than is offered by her work in hospitals.
There is much greater element of decision-making. Management skills,
administration of programmes, teaching and acting as a team leader, as well as
a member of the health team are all important.
Perhaps the most crucial requirement
is that the nurse must be prepared to learn from the people, and share
leadership with them when it is necessary and to plan with them.
Function of a community health
The functions of a community health nurse have been
classified broadly under the following heads:
The nurse is responsible for the day-to-day assignment of
the nursing staff and supervision of these personnel. She provides direction
and leadership to those whom she supervises. She is responsible for planning,
implementation and evaluation of a practical plan of nursing administration
within the primary health centre and its associated subcentres.
This involves ability to maintain good working relationship
with members of the health team, related agencies and the community. She is a
link between the patient, the family and the doctor. She participates in the
staff and community meetings.
She provides comprehensive nursing care to individuals and
families. This includes family care of the pregnant women, before, at the time
of and after delivery, care of the newborn, the premature, the infant, toddler,
the school child, nutrition and family planning.
Knowledge and skills of methods of
preparation and use of simple
training of dais and health workers;
participation in student training
There is probably far more research relevant to nursing than
nurses realise. A good deal of knowledge derived from sociology and psychology
is relevant to public health nursing, viz. infant feeding and weaning, mother
and child relationship, nursing needs and practices in the community,
utilization of the existing nursing services, job analysis of nursing personnel
in the team, etc.