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Accountancy - Purchases book | 11th Accountancy : Subsidiary Books - I

Chapter: 11th Accountancy : Subsidiary Books - I

Purchases book

Purchases book is a subsidiary book in which only credit purchases of goods are recorded.

Purchases book

Purchases book is a subsidiary book in which only credit purchases of goods are recorded. When business wants to know the information about the credit purchases of goods at a glance, the information can be made available if purchases of goods on credit are separately recorded.

Goods here mean the items in which the business entity is dealing. In other words, it is the item which is purchased for regular sales. For example, furniture will be treated as goods in the case of the firm dealing in furniture. For other firms, which are not dealing in furniture it will be an asset. Hence, while recording transactions in the purchases book, it must be ascertained whether the credit purchase is related to the item in which the firm is dealing. Purchases of assets and purchase of goods for cash are not entered in purchases book.


 

i. Date

In the date column, the date of purchases of goods on credit is recorded.

 

ii. Particulars

In this column the name of the supplier from whom goods have been purchased and details of goods purchased are given. It contains the name, quantity, quality and rate of goods purchased, trade discount and any other specification and specialties of the goods are recorded in this column.

 

iii. Invoice number

Invoice is the statement prepared by the seller of goods. It contains details about the goods, its price and other expenses incurred. The invoice number is entered in this column.

 

iv. Ledger Folio (L.F.)

The page number of the ledger in which the supplier’s account appears is recorded in this column. Purchases of goods must be posted to the personal accounts of suppliers. Purchases book contains the page number of supplier’s account in the ledger. It helps in posting and also in checking the records.

 

v. Amount column (Details)

Amount column is divided into two parts, i.e., details and total. The details column is used to record the amount of various individual items purchased from a particular supplier. The amount of trade discount allowed is deducted. This column is used for adjustment of additions and subtractions.

 

vi. Total amount column (Total)

The net amount payable to the supplier of goods is recorded in the total amount column.

 

1. Invoice

Entries in the purchases day book are made from invoices which are popularly known as bills. Invoice is a business document or bill or statement, prepared and sent by the seller to the buyer giving the details of goods sold, such as quantity, quality, price, total value, etc. Thus, the invoice is a source document of prime entry both for the buyer and the seller.


2. Trade discount

Trade discount is a deduction given by the supplier to the buyer on the list price or catalogue price of the goods. It is given as a trade practice or when goods are purchased in large quantities. It is shown as a deduction in the invoice. Trade discount is not recorded in the books of accounts. Only the net amount is recorded. Example: Suppose the sale of goods for Rs.10,000 was made and 10% was allowed as trade discount, the entry regarding sales will be made for Rs. 9,000 (10,000 – 10 per cent of 10,000). In the same way, purchaser of goods will also record purchases as Rs. 9,000).


Illustration 1

Record the following transactions in the purchases book of Shanthi Furniture Mart:

2017

 

March 1

Purchased from Mohan Furniture Mart, Madurai 20 chairs @ Rs. 450 each

2 tables @ Rs. 1,000 each

Less: Trade discount @ 10%

 

March 7

Bought from Ramesh & Co., Royapettah

2 stools @ Rs. 500 each

10 rolling chairs @ Rs. 200 each

Delivery charges and cartage Rs. 150

 

March 21

Purchased from Kamal & Co., Karaikkal

10 chairs @ Rs. 750 each

15 steel cabinets @ Rs. 1,500 each

Packing and delivery charges Rs. 250

Less: Trade discount @ 10%

 

March 25

Purchased from Jemini & Sons, Chennai

2 typewriters @ Rs. 7,750 for office use

 

Solution



Tutorial note

·        Trade discount is allowed on the purchase price of goods excluding delivery charges and cartage.

·        Delivery charges and cartage are direct expenses, chargeable from purchaser, so they are added to the amount payable.


Illustration 2

Record the following transactions in the purchases book of Raja Furniture:

2017

 

May 4

Purchased from Kasi Furnitures,Kanyakumari 10 chairs @ Rs. 300 each 4 tables @ Rs. 800 each

 

May 6

Purchased for cash from Welcome Furniture, Vellore 2 almirahs @ Rs. 2,000 each  4 chairs @ Rs. 200 each

Less: Trade discount 5%

 

May 10

Bought furniture from Murugan Furniture Mart, Nagapattinam 10 chairs @ Rs. 250 each

5 tables @ Rs. 750 each

Delivery and packing charges Rs. 150

May 20

Purchased 2 computers for office use from Anandan & Co., Adyar on credit for Rs.15,550 each

 

May 25

Purchased from Gowtham & Co., Chennai

10  chairs @ Rs. 550 each

15  steel cabinets @ Rs. 2,000 each

Delivery charges Rs. 200

Less: Trade discount 10% 

Solution


Note: 

·        Purchases on 6th May, 2017 will not be recorded in the purchases book, because it is cash purchases.

·        Purchases of computers on 20th May, 2017 will not be recorded in the purchases book, because computer is an asset for the firm dealing in furniture and it is for office use.

 

3. Posting from purchases book

After the transactions are recorded in the purchases book, posting them to ledger involves two steps:

Step 1: Posting to personal accounts of creditors: Every day, each entry is posted to the credit side of the respective personal account of the creditor by entering the words ‘By Purchases account’.

Step 2: Posting to purchases account: Generally, at the end of the month, the purchases book is totalled. The monthly total of purchases is posted to the debit side of purchases account by writing the words ‘To Sundry creditors A/c’.


Illustration 3

 

From the following transactions of Ram Home Appliances for July, 2017 prepare purchases book and ledger accounts connected with this book:

2017                                                          

July 5          Purchased on credit from Kannan & Co.                               

     50 iron boxes @ Rs. 500 each                                           

     10 grinders @ Rs. 3,000 each                                            

July 6          Purchased for cash from Siva & Bros.                                   

     25 fans @ Rs. 1,250 each                                        

July 10        Purchased from Balan & Co. on credit                                   

     20 grinders @ Rs. 2,500 each                                            

     10 mixies @ Rs. 3,000 each                                              

     Trade discount 10%                                       

     Delivery charges Rs. 1,000                                      

July 20        Purchased on credit, one copier machine from Kumar for Rs. 35,000      

Solution



Ledger Accounts


Note: 6th July, transaction is a cash transaction and 20th July, transaction is purchase of an asset. Hence, both will not be recorded in the purchases book.


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