All the living organism differ in
size, shape, appearance, speed of reaction and innumerable other aspects of
We can see that some are healthy and
jolly while others are weak and irreparable. Some learn quickly and others
slowly. In this way exists there differences.
These differences between
individuals that distinguish or separate them from one another and make one as
unique individual in oneself are named as individual differences in psychology.
Individuals differ in height,
weight, colour, structure physically and people differ in intellectual
abilities like reasoning and thinking power, power of imagination ,creative,
expression, concentration etc .
On the basis , they are usually classified as
Border like normal bright very
superior as genius.
There exist wide differences in
motor capacities such as reaction time, speed of action, steadiness, rate of
muscular movement , manual dexterity and resistance to fatigue etc. Differences
in achievement and
Factors causing individual
Heredity and environment are not two
independent factors. They operate conjointly to contribute their share but they
interact and are inextricably involved in their effect, making each person
The complexity of the environmental
influences, prenatal, postnatal, material and social cultural are some of the
factors causing individual differences.
Bio chemical differences between male
and female and sex role expectations incorporated into self-concept very early
in life are some of the factors.
Girls display greater social and
emotional maturity at each age and boys show greater vitality, independence and
Maintenance of cumulative records for each pupil helps in
understanding the specific abilities, needs and interests of each pupil as well
as his past history.
The fact of individual differences
implies that teachers have to meet wide variety of pupil' s needs such as needs
slow learners or backward children,
children with sensory and motor
clumsy children etc.
also face antisocial behaviour of some children in their class. Common
behaviour problems are bullying, lying, stealing, destruction of common
property and adolescent sexual misbehaviour. Suitable reinforcement of
acceptable conduct will generally eliminate such problem behaviours.