Assessment of personality:
The oldest methods of measuring personality are
More scientific techniques have been
evolved to measure personality, which is very helpful in the field of
education, employment and medicine.
In the field of education , to
provide suitable courses , in the field of employment to select suitable person
as per the requirements of a job and in the field of medicine to diagnose the
mental diseases of patients for giving proper treatments.
Some of them are
There are two types of observation
To make observation more effective the observation can make
use of tape recorders. Cameras and binoculars. Carefully intelligent and
scientific observation is needed in observation method.
P.V.Young says case study is a method of exploring and analyzing the life of a social unit be
that a person, a family an institution cultural group or even entire community.
Characteristics of good case study
Steps in Case Study:
Collection of exploratory data
Diognosis of causal factors
Looking forward to remedial
Follow up process.
3- Rating scale:
Rating scale is used to quantify an observation. In this
method a number of questions are asked to enable a person to rate himself or to
enable others to do so. Teacher can use rating scales to categorize their
students on a specific trait. Example for self-rating
In spite of faulty logic error , central tendency error and generosity error,
it is used for rating students well in scholarship and the quality or
leadership sincerity punctuality and honesty.
It is most popular method useful in
collecting quantitative and qualitative information.
A questionnaire should collect
information which is normally not available from others sources . It should be
arranged in categories to ensure accurate responses. It should provide complete
and clear direction, simplicity, familiarity, singularity, should be used.
questionnaire should avoid questions of ambiguity, variety it should not be too
lengthy. It should be printed Both the
methods of mailing and personal contact of administering the
questionnaire have their own advantages and disadvantages.
Interview is a technique of getting
information directly from the subject. It is subjective in nature hence its
findings should be supplemented with other methods.
6. Projective techniques:
Projective techniques are used to study the unconscious
aspect of behaviour , it permits or encourages wide variety of responses and it
is highly multidimensional .
Drever defines, a projective technique is interpretations of situations and events by reading
into them their own experiences and feelings.
Projective techniques is used for
Clinical settings for digonostic use
with the mental patients
important projective tests are
Rorschach ink blot test
The maticc apperception test
the world association test
sentence completion test.
ink blot test: is made up of ten ink blot patterns. 5 are in black and white, two are
black and red and 3 are multicolored.
While administering the test
encouragements is given when there is no response from the individual.
All the responses are taken down
verbatim. It does not impose time limits. The scoring categories are named as
Thematic Apperception test developed
Murray and Morgan consists of 30 pictures which portray human beings in a variety
of actual life situations and 1 black card 10 for male, 10 for female and 10
for both. The maximum number of pictures used with any subject is 20.
The system of scoring taken into
account of the following.
Hero of the story
Needs and conflicts of the hero
Theme of story: the global view
should be based upon, the responses of all the 20 pictures shown to the subject
and the experiences of the examiner.
Word assiciation test are of two types
In controlled word association, the
subject is given the word and is asked to give the antonym or synonym.
In uncontrolled word association,
the subject is given a word and asked to reply and the first word that comes to
his mind spontaneously is taken into account .
The interpretation of the tests depends on two factors
(i.e.) the response word and reaction time. Inability to make any response or
mere repetition of the stimulus word indicates one' s emotional blocking.
completion tests consists of a list
of incomplete sentences, generally
open at the end and requires completion by the subject who is asked to go
through the list and answer as quickly as possible.
On the basis of these responses, the
psychologist' s records observation, which indicate unhealthy or conflicting,
healthy or positive attitude etc. Stimulus in the form of the following words
may be represented.
I wish to become---------
(3) My Teacher-----------
The above-mentioned incomplete
sentences can be completed in many ways. From these answers, we can assess the
personality of an individual.