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Principle of Economical Layout
Never mark or cut any pattern until trial shows the best location for all pieces. Make temporary placements using small weights.
Begin with the largest pattern pieces at the opposite ends of the fabric and work towards the centre to fit in smaller pieces.
Place the wider ends of the pattern at the ends of the fabric. Cut notches outward if possible or inward if the material is not enough.
Follow “Dovetailing” technique for pattern laying. Dovetailing is a placement of similar shaped patterns together. For example: A collar pattern can be placed closer to the armscye line. This will help one to save the fabric.
In case the fabric is insufficient for the pattern, then a small piece of fabric can be added to the fabric, at the part where the pattern extends beyond the fabric. This technique is called piecing. Balance the pattern and add small bits on either side of the pattern, this will result in good drape.
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