Poultry farming is the process of raising domesticated birds such as chicken, duck, turkey and geese for the purpose of getting meat and egg for food. Poultries are reared in large numbers and chickens being the most common one. Chickens are broadly of two types.
1. Layers (egg laying chickens)
2. Broilers (one’s that are reared for meat)
Poultry farming requires safe and sufficient space (wired gages) for the birds. Plenty of water, proper ventilation and regular feed that is rich in proteins, fats and vitamins. Poultry feed is comprised of maize, wheat, millet and rice bran in mashed form and ground nut cakes.
Poultry birds suffer from various diseases caused by some microbes. It is important to keep their shelters clean and get the birds vaccinated against common diseases. Some of the common diseases of poultry birds are the following.