Hazards in Silk and Wool Industry
Hazard is any industry has the potential to cause injury, ill health or damage to human being and their property or the environment.
Hazards in Silk Industry
Generally, the workers in silk industry affected with arthritis is they stand for a long time reeling the silk into yarn. They also develop back pain and visionary problem and skin injuries. Some time they may suffer from respiratory problem like asthma and bronchitis due to poor ventilated area of their work.
Similarly, hazards in wool industry the workers are exposed to various chemicals and detergents which causes allergies of the skin. They also get infected to anthrax bacterium which leads to fatal dead disease called the sorters disease.
Anthrax is caused by Bacillus anthracis by handling contaminated animal hair and contact
with the live stock during hair processing. The symptoms are fever, cough and shortness of breath, similar to a typical pneumonia. Sometimes it may leads to nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea.
* Pencillin or Ciprofloxacin is given as the best medicine for treatment of anthrax.
* The spread of the disease is controlled by vaccination of animals and by burning or burial of infected animal’s carcases.
* It is the duty of the employer to take care of the industrial workers by providing hygienic and well ventilated work place.
Sericulture and Ahimsa silk ( Peace silk)
ericulture or silk farming is the cultivation of silk worm to produce silk. It is the rearing of silk worms to obtain silk.
It is also known as Peace silk. In 1992, Kusuma Rajaiah, a Government officer from Andhra Pradesh state of India proposed ahimsa way of silk production for the making silks without killing the silkworm. It involves a humane method specifically letting the worms to hatch and then using the vacant cocoons.
Traditional silk manufacturing methods involve boiling the cocoons of the silk worms and then sorting out the threads, which is used later in silk production. It has been supported by many people who are interested in the welfare of animals.