Philosophy of nursing education
Beliefs and values with
regard to man in general and specifically man as the learner, teacher, nurse
and the client and the beliefs about health, illness, society, nursing, and
Seeks to study the
process and discipline of education in order to understand how it works,
improve its methods and perfect its applications in society.
To improve education and
its systems and methods for the betterment of humanity.
Ideally, it informs and raises the quality of curriculum, teaching
methods and the overall educational experience.
Philosophy is a search for a comprehensive view of nature, an
attempt at a universal explanation of nature of things – Henderson.
Philosophy is the science of knowledge. – Fitche
Philosophy is the science of all sciences. – Coleridge
Philosophy is the mother of all arts and the true medicine of the
“Philosophy of nursing education is the written statement of the
believes, values, attitudes and ideas which the faculty as a group agreed upon
in relation to the nursing educational program such as health, disease,
nursing, nurse, nursing profession, education, learner, society, patient
nursing education and preparation of nurses.”
It is concerned with
nature and believes that reality and nature are identical and beyond nature
there is no reality.
For naturalist, nature
is everything and nothing exists superior than nature so they separates nature
from God. Man is regarded as a child of nature.
Naturalists also believe
that all our activities, whether it may be biological, psychological or social
are initiated by our instincts.
Natualism stresses the
need to return to the nature from artificiality.
Idealism is the oldest
philosophy. It believes that man is the combination of spiritual and material aspects, the spiritual
aspect is more real and important.
Idealism regards spirit
and intellect are of supreme value than physical matter. As per the idealism
individual experience is valid than the material world and man lives in the
world of ideas rather than facts.
thinking of or dealing with problems in a practical way rather than by using
theory or abstract principles.
essentially a humanistic philosophy maintianing that man creates his won values
in course of activity, that reality is still making and awaits its part of
completion from the future.
According to this,
things we see and perceive are real and knowledge acquired through senses is
“Realism is the reinforcement of our common acceptance of this
world as apears to us”– Butter
It is the youngest philosophy, described as modern 20 th century
Meaning: This philosophy stresses the important of human experience
and says that everyone is responsible for the results of their own action.
The center of existence
is man rather than truth, laws, principles or essence.
Man is not alone in the
world. Man is a social being.
Man cannot accept the
ready-made concepts of existence forced upon him
Man is free agent
capable of shaping his own live and shaping his own destiny.
Man is not complete: Man has to meet the challenges in the
It is an American philosophy.
Progressivism is the theory of education that is concerned with
learning by doing that children learn best when pursuing their own interest and
satisfying their needs.
Person’s behavior is the result of environmental conditioning. Man
is a passive recipient, who reacts to external stimuli, he has no will or
decision of his own or the capacity to take spontaneous action.
Individual’s action are
predetermined by his heredity or immediate surroundings.
Man is not separate from
his surrounding environment.
Human behavior is
controlled by creativity.
Learning is governed by
man’s action and reaction to various media (oral, written,machine).
Learning occurs as a
personal achievement through interaction between the learner and environment.
Man is an end, not a means.
The humanist emphasis is on literature. He has to overcome the
conflicts of his own time.
Children must be taught
to respect language, a sense of language perfection.
Children must be trained in modern literary standards of academics
It believes that things are constantly changing. It is based on
the view that reality is what works right now. Schools exist to discover and
expand the society we live in. Students study social experiences and solve
Man is a social being and product of his environment. Learning
depends on experiment.
It is the process of pulling out and putting together of the
useful and essential aspects of various philosophies of education.
The fusion or synthesis
of different philosophies of education.
The process of putting
together the common views of different philosophies into comprehensive whole.
The child should become
efficient member of society.
Promotion of good health
Development of moral