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Chapter: Design of Electrical Machines : DC Machines

Performance prediction using design values

Based on the design data of the stator and rotor of DC Machine, performance of the machine has to be evaluated.

Performance prediction using design values.

 

Based on the design data of the stator and rotor of DC Machine, performance of the machine has to be evaluated. The parameters for performance evaluation are

 

1.                                         Iron losses,

 

2.                                         No load current,

 

3.                                         No load power factor,

 

4.                                         Leakage reactance etc.

 

Based on the values of these parameters design values of stator and rotor can be justified. Iron losses: Iron losses are occurring in all the iron parts due to the varying magnetic field of the machine. Iron loss has two components, hysteresis and eddy current losses occurring in the iron parts depend upon the frequency of the applied voltage. The frequency of the induced voltage in rotor is equal to the slip frequency which is very low and hence the iron losses occurring in the rotor is negligibly small. Hence the iron losses occurring in the induction motor is mainly due to the losses in the stator alone. Iron losses occurring in the stator can be computed as given below.

 

Problems:

 

a.     A 150hp, 500V, 6pole, 450rpm, dc shunt motor has the following data. Armature diameter = 54cm, length of armature core = 24.5cm, average flux density in the air gap = 0.55T, number of ducts = 2, width of each duct = 1.0cm, stacking factor = 0.92. Obtain the number of armature slots and work the details of a suitable armature winding. Also determine the dimensions of the slot. The flux density in the tooth at one third height from the root should not exceed 2.1T.

 

b.     For a preliminary design of a 1500kW, 275V, 300rpm, dc shunt generator determine the number of poles, armature diameter and core length, number of slots and number of conductors per slot. Assume: Average flux density over the pole arc as 0.85T, Output coefficient 276, Efficiency 0.91.Slot loading should not exceed 1500A.

 

c.      Calculate the armature diameter and core length for a 7.5kW, 4pole, 1000rpm, and 220V shunt motor. Assume: Full load efficiency = 0.83, field current is 2.5% of rated current. The maximum efficiency occurs at full load.

 

d.     For a preliminary design of a 50hp, 230V, 1400 rpm dc motor, calculate the armature diameter and core length, number of poles and peripheral speed. Assume specific magnetic loading 0.5T, specific electric loading 25000 ampere- conductors per meter, efficiency 0.9.


e.      Determine the diameter and length of the armature core for a 55kW, 110V, 1000rpm, and 4pole dc shunt generator. Assume: Specific magnetic loading 0.5T, Specific electric loading 13000 ampere ‚Äď turns, Pole arc 70% of pole pitch and length of core about 1.1 times the pole arc, Allow 10A for field current and a voltage drop of 4V for the armature circuit.

 

f.       Determine also the number of armature conductors and slots. A design is required for a 50kW,4pole,600rpm, and 220V dc shunt generator. The average flux density in the air gap and specific electric loading are respectively 0.57T and 30000 ampere- conductors per metre. Calculate suitable dimensions of armature core to lead to a square pole face. Assume that full load armature drop is 3% of the rated voltage and the field current is 1% of rated full load current. Ratio pole arc to pole pitch is 0.67.

 

g.     Determine the main dimensions of the armature core, number of conductors, and commutator segments for a 350kW, 500V, 450 rpm, 6pole shunt generator assuming a square pole face with pole arc 70% of the pole pitch. Assume the mean flux density to be 0.7T and ampere conductors per cm to be 280.

 

h.     Determine the number of poles, armature diameter and core length for the preliminary design of a 500kW, 400V, 600 rpm, dc shunt generator assuming an average flux density in the air gap of 0.7 T and specific electric loading of 38400 ampere- conductors per metre. Assume core length/ pole arc = 1.1. Apply suitable checks

 

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Design of Electrical Machines : DC Machines : Performance prediction using design values |


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